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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1937 (DOST Vol. I).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Change, Chainge, v. Also: chaung(e, chawnge, chang (chanch), chaynge. [ME. change(n, chaunge(n, etc., OF. changer (AF. chaunger). See also Chenge v.]

1. tr. To make different; to alter, transform.(a) c1420 Wynt. i. 5.
Mony yharnys for till here Off tymys that befor thaim were The statys chawngyde ande the greis
Ib. 593.
That fra thare God of Israel Thai chawngyd fawsly thare fay
a1585 Maitl. Q. lxvi. 84.
Thairefter then he beginnis to chaunge his not
1611-57 Mure Son. iii. 2.
Can any crosse … Mak me to chaunge my neuer chaunging mynd?
(b) a1400 Leg. S. vi. 452.
Thane Mygdonny … hir habit changit hale
Ib. xxv. 391.
Hyre purpos he chang ne mycht
1386 Rotuli Sc. II. 86/1.
That nane of outher syde … sal change fay or be recettit in others bondys
c1420 Wynt. v. 1536.
Nane mycht ken that evyr he wes … Changyt in his assembeland
Ib. 3392.
He changyd purpos sone
1456 Hay I. 213/10.
Thai changit the name that Fraunce had than
a1500 Rauf C. 721.
Micht I chaip of this chance, that changes my cheir
1513 Doug. ii. v. 45.
Quhat ane was he! how far changit from joy Of that Hector
1562-3 Winȝet II. 65/28.
Thow may se … the boundrodis of oure elderis translatit and changeit
1570 Sat. P. x. 180.
In France he went, and brocht that Lady hame Quha efterwart agane changit his name
a1578 Pitsc. I. 84/9.
Fragill fortoun changis the consait of men
(c) 1558-66 Knox II. 418.
Now all thingis ar so chaingit, that we can nocht dyscerne the Erle frome the Abbot
a1585 Maitl. Q. xxxix. 42.
All wit and spreit … Is me bereft and chainged
Ib. lxv. 91.
Our strenth, … Quhilk tyme will chainge
1596 Dalr. I. 307.
Of his nerrest freindis he tuik sik feir, that chaingeng the sueitnes of his nature his nobles he … slew appinlye
c1615 Chron. Kings 20.
Thay chayngit thair religioun diuerse tymes
1611-57 Mure Misc. P. i. 5.
Quhen Morpheus, … Apollo's brightnes did assaile, And forc'd him chainge his course
1641 Acts V. (1817) 483/2.
It sall noways be leisum … to invert, alter, or chaing … the trew meaning … of the foundatores

b. To undergo a change of (look, colour, etc.). 1375 Barb. vii. 127.
Thai changit contenans and late, And held nocht in the first stat
c1420 Wynt. vii. 93.
Wyth this the knycht all changyd hewe
c1460 Thewis Wysmen 205.
Neuer men sal one thaim see To chang thar chere, quhar euer thai wend
a1500 Henr. Test. Cress. 517.
Within ane quhy le he changit mony hew
a1500 Seven S. 1557.
Scho changit colour and cryit mercy
Ib. 2439.
Quhen he hir fand he changit cheire
c1500-c1512 Dunb. xxvii. 19.
For feir he chaingit hew
15.. Clar. i. 813.
Clariodus … changit hew alyte
1563-1570 Buch. Wr. 53.
How mony colouris that euir this chamaeleon change
a1578 Pitsc. II. 58/10.
Mr George, … ansuering, nocht moveing his continance nor changing his vessage
a1570-86 Maitl. F. lxxiv. 7.
Tak ȝe no thocht … Off this fals world … That changeis fassoun everie ȝeir

2. To alter or transform (from something) in(to or to another thing or state.(a) c1420 Wynt. i. 522.
Part of thaim syne chawngide were In othir kynrykis severale
Ib. vi. 2457.
Thare mellody all chawngyd wes In gretyng
a1500 Henr. Orph. 158.
My rob ryall … Chaungit sall be in rude russat of gray
(b) c1420 Wynt. v. 3772.
Suppose the state off hys empyre In tyrandry he change and ire
Ib. vii. 3623.
Oure gold wes changyd in to lede
c1420 Ratis R. 384.
Dises to chang in to delyt
c1500-c1512 Dunb. lxi. 70.
This gray hors, Quhilk … in lyart changeit is in hew
c1515 Asl. MS. I. 304/21.
Quhar his wyf luiking abak was changit in a salt stane
1560 Rolland Seven S. 9435.
Ȝe … Fra all dolour to mirth hes changit my cheir
1567 G. Ball. 165.
Our wratchit schort lyfe man haif end, Changeit fra paine … To lestand gloir
1580 Misc. Wodrow Soc. 296.
The eternall death … is changeit in this temporall death

3. To change by substitution of one thing or person for another. 1375 Barb. vi. 499.
Fra he mycht anys feill The kyngis sent … He vald change it for na thyng
1490 Irland Mir. fol. 334 b.
Thi Hienes suld nocht multiply mekle the ministeris of iustice na oft chaung thame
1513 Doug. iii. iii. 26.
Fle away; This duelling place thou mon change
Ib. xii. Prol. 238.
The styrlyng changis diuers stevynnys nys
1538 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 89.
That the gres mercat abone the Tolbuith be chayngeit
a1578 Pitsc. I. 305/27.
The lordis … chaingit all his auld offiecearis and pat new in thair steid
1638 St. A. Baxter Bks. 105.
Gif he beis changeit and ane vther deacone succeiding in his rowme

4. To exchange (one person or thing) for another. 1375 Barb. xiii. 682.
That he till Yngland hame suld ga … And that for hym suld changit be Bischop Robert
Ib. xix. 524.
Thai that tane war on a day, On ane othir changit war thai
c1420 Wynt. iii. 402.
Swylk is the werd off Dalyda, That changyd … welle for wa
1442 Reg. Great S. 64/1.
The landis of … Pettendrech, the quhilkis war changeit with the landis of Dunottir
1456 Wemyss Chart. 77.
The forsaid landis … quhilkis ar now to be changit and cossit in excambium
1537 Lynd. Depl. Magd. 50.
Scho lyke prudent Quene Penelope, Ful constantlie wald change hym for none vther
c1575 Balfour Pract. 635–6 marg.
Na man sall buy, barter, nor change ony merchandice of the prizes takin, untill [etc.]

b. intr. To engage in exchanging or trading. 1594 Acts IV. 49/2.
Quhaireuer ony of the same may be apprehendit thaireftir changeand, wissilland, or payand debtis or blokis

5. intr. To become different. c1420 Wynt. i. 146.
Thar spek changit suddandly, And ilkan spak … syndryle
Ib. iii. 405.
For Sampsone scho had mad chaynge, And he tyll hyr was alway strange
1456 Hay II. 114/26.
Quhar mannis witt failȝeis … sa that his complexioun change
c1420 Ratis R. 1597.
Al thing changis at the wyll Of mekle God
c1460 Thewis Wysmen 212.
The natur of this warld daly Is euer changand continualy
a1500 Henr. Fab. 970.
Thy cheir changis, Lowrence
a1500 Bk. Chess 2139.
His moving … changis aye at euery draucht
c1500-c1512 Dunb. iv. 9.
The stait of man dois change & vary
Ib. lxvi. 27.
Purpos dois change as wynd or rane
1563-1570 Buch. Wr. 44.
Gif the court had changeit as to the bischoppis of Sanctandrois and Glasgow
a1570-86 Maitl. F. xiv. 63.
The warldis instabilitie … changeand ay as dois the mone and see

6. To make a change. c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 75; Ib. 208.
That I micht cheis, and be chosin, and change quhen me lykit
1540 Acts II. 359/2.
Quha hes power to cheis clerkis or notaris, that thai ma chanch or cheis as thai pleis
a1570-86 Maitl. F. cliii. 6.
Think thow man chaynge and wait not quhair to be

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"Change v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 20 Jun 2024 <>



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