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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1937 (DOST Vol. I).
This entry has not been updated but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Chak, Chack, n. [ME. chak, rare variant of chek, Chek n. OF. eschec, eschac.]

1. A check in the game of chess; a turn or trick; a chance or advantage. a1500 Seven S. 1521.
The chak scho tuke on hand to preif
1513 Doug. v. viii. 14.
He etlys ȝondir hys avantage to tak. He metis hym thar, and charris hym with a chak
1560 Rolland Seven S. 10072.
The Empreour … watchit about quhat time that he best micht Cum to his chak, his awin twa sonnis to sla
a1605 Montg. Ch. & Slae 199.
Vnder cuir I gat sic chak, That I mycht nowther deme nor nek, bot ather stell or meit
1603 Moysie 88.
They, remaining their aucht or ten dayis vpon a chack, wer compellit to returne home as they come a feild

2. An appliance for checking or stopping something; a check-rein.Cf. Chak quheill, Chak reill. 1457 Peebles B. Rec. 119.
A fader bed, a cruk, a chak, a chyar
c1590 J. Stewart 17/187.
Scho gife hir horse both brydle, chak, and vand
Ib. 39/331.
No chap nor chak mycht mak him lift his heed
Ib. 51/104.
The … port he did persawe, Quhairof preparing till vpclose the chak [etc.]

3. A slight recess or edge serving as a check. Also attrib. with leid (lead). 1593 Cart. S. Nich. Aberd. 395.
To cast the kirk leid to agre with the chak leid vpone the kirk
1616 Aberd. B. Rec. II. 339.
The said Thomas … sall big ane wall … with ane hewin chack to gang doun to the lauch voult
1702 Foulis Acc. Bk. 312.
To Jon. Aitkine, masone; for hewing the chacks of the 2 chess windowes at Woodhall

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"Chak n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 29 Sep 2023 <>



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