A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)
Borch(t), Borgh, n. Also: borwch, -vch, -och, -ouch, bowrch(e, borrghe, bourghe; borght, bourcht, bowrcht, bourth. [ME. borgh, early borh, OE. borh, borᵹ. In ME. more usually boru, borwe, etc.: see Borowis, n. pl.1]
1. A person standing as surety for another.
(a) Wald thu … For me tak borch sancte Nicholas? Leg. S. xxvi. 770.
That a burges aw to be borche for ane other burges … quhill he ony thing tyne for him, and than he is halding to be borghe for him na langar; Acts I. 355/2.
Quhilk is he … That thi bowrche wyll thare-off be; Wynt. v. 1130.
Borgh for William Mathouson, John of Scrogs; 1444 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 12.
Henri Bochan was in an onlau to the balyeis, borch hymself for the onlau; 1458 Peebles B. Rec. 127.
Ilk an of tham is the otheris borch; 1468 Ib. 157.
For the mar sykyrnes Siluester of Retra … is … cumyng borch onder his sele for tham; 1473 Reg. Cupar A. I. 172.
Dauid Blar … borch and dettur to us; 1474 Ib. 215.
Robert … as principale dettour, and John … as borgh for him, sal content and pay [etc.]; 1483 Acta Conc. II. Introd. 13.
John Cowane … becam borgh and dettor to the said Cristane for multyeir; 1529 Stirling Ant. IV. 203.
Williame Ogill … as souertie, borgh, and dettour for me; 1562 Edinb. B. Deeds 68 b.
Gif the borgh may proue that the principall debtour is vailable; Skene Reg. Maj. 80.
(b) Na man wil for me Borcht, na detoure nothir be; Leg. S. xxvi. 768.
Till thire thingis lelely to be fulfillit ilke ane of the forsaide masounys is othiris bourcht; 1387 Edinb. Chart. 36.
Siluester of Retre … is … becvmyng borcht onder his sele for the said Robert and Thomas; 1473 Reg. Cupar A. I. 200.
Sald to Lambrecht the Crok, draper off Brugis, and Jacop Van Mair his borcht … a sek of woyll for 26 mark; 1497 Halyb. 141.
Will Graham borcht for Rob Graham; 1523 Carnwath Baron Ct. 8.
Payand yeirlie … seruice of bourcht aucht & wont allanerlie; 1561 Edinb. B. Deeds 5 b.
2. Something given or offered as a pledge.
Borch of hamehald: see Hamehald.
The quhilk borch David Panter [etc.] recontret: the quhilk recontre thai affermyyt with ane borch; 1410 Brechin Episc. Reg. I. 30.
And he haf nocht a borgh til fynde bot profferis his fut in borgh, he that is actor folowand [etc.]; Acts I. 362/2.
The court ryply auisit fand at the borch & counterborch was of vale; 1459 Ayr Burgh Ct. 19 Nov.
Borcht of the vnlaw his hand and his gud; 1473 Prestwick B. Rec. 21.
It is fond be assis that the borcht of fif crovnys is avale; 1497 Dunferm. B. Rec. 77.
This my petitioune … to haf the stryntht of ane borght. gyf neid beis; 1538 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 159.
b. A statement or agreement constituting a pledge.
Tweching the vrangvis withthaldin of twa bollis of ber … as wes at lentht contenit in ane borcht funde … herapon; 1504 Dunferm. B. Rec. 144.
Like as is contenit in ane borgh fundin in the handis of Alexander Lindesay officiar be the said Charlis; 1517 Fife Sheriff Ct. 69.
3. a. To draw in (to) borch, to put in pledge.
Thar-till in-to borwch draw I Myn herytage; Barb. I. 625.
Sen he in bowrch hys landis drewch; Ib. 628.
Sym Conno … drauis his land in borch; 1456 Peebles B. Rec. 113.
b. To borch, as a pledge or security.
That that I to borch thé tuk; Leg. S. xviii. 739.
To gyve tha landis to borch as lauch wald; 1389 Charter (Reg. H. Sup.).
Thar leyff thai tuk, … Sanct Jhone to borch thai suld meyt haille agayne; Wall. iii. 336.
We sall … mak ȝow saif; we fynd sanct Blase to borgh; Lynd. Test. Pap. 701.
c. To lat to borch, to allow security or pledge to be given for a person or thing. Also to ask, or seke, to borch.
(1) He sal lat thaim to borch til apper at the next iustice air; 1397 Acts I. 208/1.
The schirefys … sal latte thaim to borch; 1398 Ib. 211/2.
The persoun … of Lestalrig salbe fauorably arrestit and … lattyn fauorably to borgh; 1454–5 Edinb. Chart. 81.
Sen God has lattyn him to borgh, gevand him his hele; Hay I. 229/24.
Lat ws to borch our men fra ȝour fals law; Wall. vii. 434.
The thane of Caldor has takin his sone … and will nocht lat him till boroch; 1510 Fam. Rose 181.
That na … liege of this realme … sall replege, or seik to borgh ony persoun [etc.]; Balfour Pract. 340.
(2) Be it knawin … us Archibald erle of Douglas … til haf lattyn to borch … tha landis qwhilkis lyis in debate; 1418 Liber Melros 540.
Andro Vrre askit the landis of Forglen to borgh at the abbot of Arbroth; 1466 Acta Aud. 5/2.
For ij hors takin and puyndit be the saide Robertis seruituris and nocht lattin to borghe quhill thai deit; 1478 Acta Aud. 79/2.
Gif the sade fisching be askit to borch be owther of the sadis partiis; 1496 Acta Conc. II. 28.
The mylne of Orkye was replegiate be Iohnne Seitoune … and lattyne to borgh to hyme; 1516 Fife Sheriff Ct. 41.
The hors was … lattin to borght to him self … the said day; 1548 Lanark Sheriff Ct. 13 b.
The superior thereof, may … then let the lands to him to borgh, and vnder caution, as said is; Skene Verb. S. s.v. Plegius.
There to tak ane distres and lat it to borgh gif it be asked; Bisset I. 303/37.
The latting of it to borgh in maner abonewrittin; Ib. 304/23.
d. Latting to borch; a document relating to the giving of security.
With al and syndry richtis, … evidentis, lattyn to borchtis, actis, … documentis … that we haff; 1477 Stirlings of Keir 250.
4. To find, to streke (= put forward), to follow or persew, a borch.
(1) We ordane that he sall fynd certane borouchis for till appere in the said abbotis court; 1389 Reg. Cambuskenneth 261.
That reuerend fathir … fand ane borch in our hand as schiref; 1411 Reg. Episc. Brechin I. 30.
The court awardit … that the borch that the said John fand was of valow & the borch that the said Newin fand was of na valow; 1444 Ayr Burgh Ct. 18 Jan.
The bourghe fundin be Alexr. Spens … vpoun the breve of morthancestre; 1478 Acta Aud. 66/2.
Johnne of Mar fand ane borgh in the hands of Thomas Bisset … that [etc.]; 1505 Aberd. Sheriff Ct. I. 50.
Ane borgh to be found be him for his man; Skene Reg. Maj. ii. 15.
(2) Tharto I streik a borch and that I will preiff; Acts I. 378/1.
Richard of Rutherford … strekit a borch in Alexander of Kintoris hand; 1412 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 389.
Qwhare twa pertiis apperis at the bar and the tane strek a borgh apon a weir of law; 1429 Acts II. 18/1.
Ane assyse … to decide the borrghe strekit upone Thomas Mar be Alexander Rede anent the payment of ane susplat of wool; 1489 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 416.
(3) Aperit in curt Rob Percle to folou a borch that he fand on Wil Geddes; 1456 Peebles B. Rec. 114.
John of Heboun fallowit a borch apon Andro Fidlaris dochter for the sclander of his wif; 1488 Lanark B. Rec. 2.
A part of the conuent comperyt in the towbutht … to folow a borvch of warning apon Thome Smytht; 1494 Dunferm. B. Rec. 53.
The inquist findis the borcht persewit be Elspeth Mukkart aganis Katherine Jak of avale; 1545 Stirling B. Rec. I. 40.
[I give] ane borcht to follow this my borcht; 1565 Ib. 83.
5. Borch row, a roll or list of pledges or sureties.
The Serjand aucht to present attachiamentis and borghrowis that ar fundin in his handis; Balfour Pract. 38.
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"Borch(t) n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 18 Jun 2021 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/borcht>
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