A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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Bodin, p.p. and ppl. a. Also: bodine, -yn, -yne, boddin, -ine, -ing; boidin, boiddin, -ine. [ME. bodin, -yn, boden, OE. boden p.p. of béodan Bede v. The orig. sense was apparently ‘summoned’ (to appear in arms); the change in use may have been influenced by association with Boun.]

1. Furnished with arms; equipped for fighting. Used predicatively, freq. with specification of weapons and armour. Also wele bodin, licht, or lichtly bodin. I trow he suld be hard to sla, And he war bodyn all evynly; Barb. vii. 103.
Gud yomen for archery Rycht wele bodyn, and honestly; Wynt. ix. 3137.
At the yeman of lawer degre ande burges of xx lib. be bodyn with souer hate & doublat; 1429 Acts II. 18/2.
At the waichman be sufficiently boddin with harnis and wappynnys; 1442 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 8.
At ilk man that his gudis extendis to xxti merkis be bodyn … with ane iak [etc.]; 1456 Acts II. 45/2.
For the quhilk … , I proffir to hald a hundir speris and a hundre bowis dewly bodlin for a ȝere; 1463 Lennox Mun. 76.
That euere man be furnist & bodin in his body with quhite harnes, brekantynes, or gude iakkis, with splentis & gluffis; 1491 Acts II. 326/2.
Ane hall legioun about the wallis large Stude wachyng, bodyn with bow, speir, and targe; Doug. ix. iv. 20.
For thai wald be lyght bodyn ay to ryn; Ib. vii. xi. 126.
Certane power lichtlie bodyn … suld persewe the flearis; Boece i. vi. 45.
Ane cumpany thair he befoir him fand Weill boidin war with bow, buklar and brand; Stewart 39996.
With ȝoure houshaldis and substanciouse freindis bodin in weirlik maner; 1566 Reg. Morton I. 16.
A number of men of were … boddin in armour; 1567 Ib. 18.
Sufficientlie bodin tharto in armour wapinnis and honest abulyementis; 1570 Misc. Spald. C. II. 277.
John Campbell came under … cloude of nicht bodin with ane lang hagbut; 1596 Highland P. I. 154.
All bodin with hagbutis, muscatis, poulder, leid [etc.]; 1615 Crim. Trials III. 275.
The said defendar being bodding with waponis ambeset the complenars way; 1642 Aberd. Sheriff Ct. III. 38.
Two of his men servands … boddine with staffes and uther invasive weapones; 1664 Melrose Reg. Rec. II. 112.

b. In the phrases bodin in fere of were (see Fere n.) or for were. (1) All and sindry oure … subditis being betuix sexty and sextene bodin in fer of wer; 1504 Breadalbane Doc. (Reg. H.) No. 32.
Bostaris, braggaris, and barganeris, … All bodin in feir of weir; Dunb. xxvi. 36.
To the nowmer of lxxx of personis bodine in feire of weire; 1521 Fife Sheriff Ct. 278.
That thai … wele bodin in feir of weir, … addres thaim to be at Fawlay Muir; 1547 Stirling B. Rec. I. 49.
For the … furnissing of fourtie men bodin in feir of war with lang wapynnis; 1569 Reg. Privy C. II. 12.
Bodin in feir of weir, with swordis, pistollis, jackis, knapscallis and utheris weirlyk wapins invasiue; 1584–5 Elgin Rec. I. 176.
All bodin in feir of weir, with bowis, darloches [etc.]; 1613 Crim. Trials III. 245.
[They] boddin in feare of warre, come in a verie vncomelie and vnseemelie maner [etc.]; 1637 Antiq. Aberd. & B. IV. 127.
Boddin in feire of weir; 1652 Ellon Presb. 431.
(2) That all nychtbouris … pas in thair best aray bodin for weir till our … Souerane Lordis army; 1513 Edinb. B. Rec. I. 143.
That thai … be wele abulȝeit and bodin for were on thar best wise; 1514 Irvine Mun. I. 34.
[The council] ordanis thame to be reddy boddin for weir at all ty mes quhane neid is; 1524 Edinb. B. Rec. I. 219.

c. In attributive use. Also licht-, wele-bodin. Swa mony Off welle bodyn Frawns men; Wynt. viii. 6843.
All the bodin men within thare boundis; 1522 Treas. Acc. V. 200.
The first [battall] wes of licht bodin men, archearis, castaris of dartis and slongis; Bell. Boece II. 190.
David Grahame come, with five hundreth bodin men; Ib. 442.

2. Provided, furnished, prepared. The Byschapys, and the gret Prelatis … He bad thaine cum til his presens, Syn thai war better bodyn to pay; Wynt. vii. 2697.
Tak thair for my pairte of the feist; It is weill knawin I am weill bodin; Bann. MS. 138 a/73.
Ye knaw I haif lettlie delyuerit sum silvir to your L., quhairffoir I am nocht veill boddin at this present; 1578 Waus Corr. I. 190.
Bott I sell stand vpoun my gaird, Ay bodin as I wald be serwitt; Montg. Suppl. 200/48.
Glenurchye promisit to furnish siller becaus he was better bodin; 1596 Highland P. I. 186.
He is weill bodden ther ben that neidis nather borrow nor lend; Fergusson's Prov. 49.

3. Summoned, requested. I sould be rady as I war bodyn to cum; 1550 Corr. M. Lorraine 321.

4. Offered; proffered. Bodin geir stinkes; Ferg. Prov. 20.
He that lippens to boden plows, his land will he ley; Ib. (1785) 13.

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"Bodin p.p., ppl. adj.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 14 Apr 2021 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/bodin>



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