A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

Hide Quotations Hide Etymology Cite this entry

Bludewite, -wit, -wet(e, n. Also: blod(e)-, bloid(e)-, blud-, blwde-, bluid-, bloud-, blowd-, blood-, and -uite, -wyte (-vyte), -wyet; -witt, -wyt(t, -wyth, -vi(c)t; -wett, -vet, -weit, -veit, -wiet, -weete; -weke, -weik, -wik, -wick, -weck; -wed, -wod. [ME. (rare) blodwite, blodewyt (1228), OE. blódwíte: see Blude n. 3 and Wite n. The second element was evidently not clearly understood; hence the remarkable number of later variations.]

1. Guiltiness of, or liability to a penalty for, bloodshed; an action against a person for bloodshed. (a) Salvis nobis placitis et querelis vite et membrorum et de blodwite cum escaetis suis; c 1272 Reg. Paisley 52.
Anentis the bludwitis that happynnis in the said burgh, quhilkis the knawlag, pumssioun, and profite thereof pertenys to the said abbot; 1493 Lindores Abbey 179.
In the actioune … tueching the distroubillance & bloidwite allegeit; 1516 Fife Sheriff Ct. 48.
Quhatsumeuer persoun … being convict of bludewyte, sall pay ane vnlaw of fyve pund; 1567 Edinb. B. Rec. III. 242.
Richart Woddrop and … his brother ar fund in the wrang for occasion and bludvyte thairof; 1574 Glasgow B. Rec. I. 8.
The said Adame … was ffund gyltie, and convict of the bluid and bluidwyte; 1618 Crim. Trials III. 455.
The inquest … finds the said Alexander Lowry to be guilty of the said bloodwyte; 1663 Stitchill Baron Ct. 29.
Robert Mairton … deponed that the said Andro Fishare defender was in the bloodwyte of the samen [quarrel]; 1664 Melrose Reg. Rec. II. 110.
(b) Curiam de blodewyt & birthinsake; 1208–18 Liber Calchou 76.
De parvis querimoniis, s. de blodwit & de birthinsake; Ib. 80.
Habentes curiam de bludwyth; 1271 Ib. 364.
Infra burgum non debet exaudiri blodewit nec styngisdynt; Acts I. 24/1.
In burgh sall nocht be herde bludewyt na ȝit stokisdynt; Ib. 24/2.
The actioune of blodewit betuix Robert Aysoune & Iohne Howisoune is continuit; 1515 Fife Sheriff Ct. 5.
Ib. 8 (bloidwit); 41 (bloidwyt).
The inqueist … findis thaim batht in the blud & blud vit; 1524 Carnwath Baron Ct. 20.
All unlawis incurrit be the saidis merchandis for pleying, mispersoning, iniurring, or bludevict; 1600 Aberd. B. Rec. II. 215.
(c) The said Adam & Jok denyit the bludweit, allegeand that thai war reddaris; 1515 Alloway Court Bk. 28 June.
It sall not be leisum … to conveine or judge thair awin tennentis or subtennentis for any blude or bluideweitt; 1633 Reg. Great S. 45/1.
Sheriffs may at any time condemn for blood-weits; Mackenzie Laws & C. (1699) 207.
(d) To … correct all maner of trespassouris … for all trespassis and faultis … outtaking bloudweck and deit; 1519 Cart. S. Nich. Aberd. 353.
It sall not be lesume … to convein and judge thair awne tennantes … for bloods or bloode weiks; 1638 Aboyne Rec. 283.
For blood or bloodwicks; Ib. 289.

2. A fine for bloodshed; the right of imposing or collecting this. Frequent in the enumeration of rights pertaining to landed property. (a) Landis … to be haldin … wyth bludewite, merchet and herielde and wyth al other fredomys; 1406 (1427) Reg. Great S. 17/2.
Saulfande anerly to the said lady bludwite and merchete; 1447 (1451) Ib. 106/1.
Reseruatis nobis et heredibus nostris bludwyetis [etc.]; 1479 Reg. Morton II. 239.
With all … hereȝeld, bludewite and merchete; 1504 Antiq. Aberd. & B. IV. 216.
Ionete Ramsay … becom souerte to the schirrafe … for the blodwitis in the actione and cause mowit betuix hir … and Dauid Balfoure; 1516 Fife Sheriff Ct. 52.
The said Thomas … to remane in warde quhil he fynd souerte for his unlaw and bluidwite; 1561 Stirling B. Rec. I. 78.
With … court plent, heryeld, bluduite and mercheat; 1630 Skene Mem. 214.
Cum curijs, … amerciamentis, hereȝeldis, bludewitis; 1641 Stirling Chart. 165.
(b) With all profytis and courtis excepte heriȝelde and bludwit; 1488 Reg. Episc. Aberd. I. 320.
Payand heriȝeld and bludwit; Ib.
With court plaint, heireȝeld, bludewittis and merchete; 1526 Reg. Privy S. I. 537/1.
Cum … hereȝeldis, bludewittis [etc.]; 1564 Antiq. Aberd. & B. II. 91 b.
If ather the schirreff or bailȝee sall condeme any persoun in a bludwitt; 1617 Acts IV. 535/2.
The burghe of Elgin hes guid and wndouttit rycht to all bluidvittis committit within the said burghe; 1638 Elgin Rec. I. 261.
Apprehending him for payment of a bloodwitt imposed by the magistrates for beating their servant; 1673 Rec. Justiciary Ct. II. 189.
Ther bloodwitts are imployed for the magistrats particular use; 1692 Conv. Burghs IV. 577.
(c) Eschaetis earundem cum bludvettis et herieldis; 1448 Highland P. II. 181.
Cum … bludewetis, heryheldis [etc.]; 1450 Reg. Dunfermline 315.
With … hereyeld, merchete, bludwete; 1542 Misc. Spald. C. II. 196.
To sett thame to tennentis … with court plent, heriold, blowdweit, and mercheit; 1561 Reg. Privy S. MS. XXX. 84 b.
They sall suffir the committeris thairof … to depart butt farthir payment of ony bludwett; 1573 Irvine Mun. II. 18.
Bludveit … Ane vnlaw for wrang or injurie, sik as bloud; Skene Verb. S. s.v.
Bludweitis, amerchiamentis, vnlawes … to lyft; 1601 Frasers of Philorth Chart. 268.
The bluides, bluidweittes, ischeas, … to receave and vptak; 1641 Acts V. 627/2.
To pey ¥20 to William, Maister of Forbes, as an blood weete; 1668 Forbes Baron Ct. 271.
(d) The quhilk sett of the landis … with hereyeld, merchett and bludewik … we retify and affirme; 1450 Coll. Aberd. & B. 428.
Thai sal pay the half of the reuenowis, herȝeldis, bluidweikis … to the said Maister Androw; 1500 Reg. Episc. Brechin I. 219.
Si dicte persone … inciderent in aliquo amerchiamento, vulgariter bludewekis, soluerent dicto Alex. pro quolibet bludeweke, 40 solidos; 1536 (1554) Reg. Great S. 203/2.
The bailȝeis … being dotit with priuilege of bluid weik and vnlaw thairof; 1546 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 228.
(e) Thay sall suffer the committaris thairof … to depart but forder pay ment of ony bluidwed; 1557 Ayr Chart. 44.
Ane laudabill act … anent the bestowing and imploying of the vnlawis and bluidwodis of said bruch; 1607 Glasgow B. Rec. I. 270.

You may wish to vary the format shown below depending on the citation style used.

"Bludewite n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 16 Jun 2019 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/bludewite>



Try an Advanced Search

Browse DOST: