A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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Bludewite, -wit, -wet(e, n. Also: blod(e)-, bloid(e)-, blud-, blwde-, bluid-, bloud-, blowd-, blood-, and -uite, -wyte (-vyte), -wyet; -witt, -wyt(t, -wyth, -vi(c)t; -wett, -vet, -weit, -veit, -wiet, -weete; -weke, -weik, -wik, -wick, -weck; -wed, -wod. [ME. (rare) blodwite, blodewyt (1228), OE. blódwíte: see Blude n. 3 and Wite n. The second element was evidently not clearly understood; hence the remarkable number of later variations.]

1. Guiltiness of, or liability to a penalty for, bloodshed; an action against a person for bloodshed. (a) Salvis nobis placitis et querelis vite et membrorum et de blodwite cum escaetis suis; c 1272 Reg. Paisley 52.
Anentis the bludwitis that happynnis in the said burgh, quhilkis the knawlag, pumssioun, and profite thereof pertenys to the said abbot; 1493 Lindores Abbey 179.
In the actioune … tueching the distroubillance & bloidwite allegeit; 1516 Fife Sheriff Ct. 48.
Quhatsumeuer persoun … being convict of bludewyte, sall pay ane vnlaw of fyve pund; 1567 Edinb. B. Rec. III. 242.
Richart Woddrop and … his brother ar fund in the wrang for occasion and bludvyte thairof; 1574 Glasgow B. Rec. I. 8.
The said Adame … was ffund gyltie, and convict of the bluid and bluidwyte; 1618 Crim. Trials III. 455.
The inquest … finds the said Alexander Lowry to be guilty of the said bloodwyte; 1663 Stitchill Baron Ct. 29.
Robert Mairton … deponed that the said Andro Fishare defender was in the bloodwyte of the samen [quarrel]; 1664 Melrose Reg. Rec. II. 110.
(b) Curiam de blodewyt & birthinsake; 1208–18 Liber Calchou 76.
De parvis querimoniis, s. de blodwit & de birthinsake; Ib. 80.
Habentes curiam de bludwyth; 1271 Ib. 364.
Infra burgum non debet exaudiri blodewit nec styngisdynt; Acts I. 24/1.
In burgh sall nocht be herde bludewyt na ȝit stokisdynt; Ib. 24/2.
The actioune of blodewit betuix Robert Aysoune & Iohne Howisoune is continuit; 1515 Fife Sheriff Ct. 5.
Ib. 8 (bloidwit); 41 (bloidwyt).
The inqueist … findis thaim batht in the blud & blud vit; 1524 Carnwath Baron Ct. 20.
All unlawis incurrit be the saidis merchandis for pleying, mispersoning, iniurring, or bludevict; 1600 Aberd. B. Rec. II. 215.
(c) The said Adam & Jok denyit the bludweit, allegeand that thai war reddaris; 1515 Alloway Court Bk. 28 June.
It sall not be leisum … to conveine or judge thair awin tennentis or subtennentis for any blude or bluideweitt; 1633 Reg. Great S. 45/1.
Sheriffs may at any time condemn for blood-weits; Mackenzie Laws & C. (1699) 207.
(d) To … correct all maner of trespassouris … for all trespassis and faultis … outtaking bloudweck and deit; 1519 Cart. S. Nich. Aberd. 353.
It sall not be lesume … to convein and judge thair awne tennantes … for bloods or bloode weiks; 1638 Aboyne Rec. 283.
For blood or bloodwicks; Ib. 289.

2. A fine for bloodshed; the right of imposing or collecting this. Frequent in the enumeration of rights pertaining to landed property. (a) Landis … to be haldin … wyth bludewite, merchet and herielde and wyth al other fredomys; 1406 (1427) Reg. Great S. 17/2.
Saulfande anerly to the said lady bludwite and merchete; 1447 (1451) Ib. 106/1.
Reseruatis nobis et heredibus nostris bludwyetis [etc.]; 1479 Reg. Morton II. 239.
With all … hereȝeld, bludewite and merchete; 1504 Antiq. Aberd. & B. IV. 216.
Ionete Ramsay … becom souerte to the schirrafe … for the blodwitis in the actione and cause mowit betuix hir … and Dauid Balfoure; 1516 Fife Sheriff Ct. 52.
The said Thomas … to remane in warde quhil he fynd souerte for his unlaw and bluidwite; 1561 Stirling B. Rec. I. 78.
With … court plent, heryeld, bluduite and mercheat; 1630 Skene Mem. 214.
Cum curijs, … amerciamentis, hereȝeldis, bludewitis; 1641 Stirling Chart. 165.
(b) With all profytis and courtis excepte heriȝelde and bludwit; 1488 Reg. Episc. Aberd. I. 320.
Payand heriȝeld and bludwit; Ib.
With court plaint, heireȝeld, bludewittis and merchete; 1526 Reg. Privy S. I. 537/1.
Cum … hereȝeldis, bludewittis [etc.]; 1564 Antiq. Aberd. & B. II. 91 b.
If ather the schirreff or bailȝee sall condeme any persoun in a bludwitt; 1617 Acts IV. 535/2.
The burghe of Elgin hes guid and wndouttit rycht to all bluidvittis committit within the said burghe; 1638 Elgin Rec. I. 261.
Apprehending him for payment of a bloodwitt imposed by the magistrates for beating their servant; 1673 Rec. Justiciary Ct. II. 189.
Ther bloodwitts are imployed for the magistrats particular use; 1692 Conv. Burghs IV. 577.
(c) Eschaetis earundem cum bludvettis et herieldis; 1448 Highland P. II. 181.
Cum … bludewetis, heryheldis [etc.]; 1450 Reg. Dunfermline 315.
With … hereyeld, merchete, bludwete; 1542 Misc. Spald. C. II. 196.
To sett thame to tennentis … with court plent, heriold, blowdweit, and mercheit; 1561 Reg. Privy S. MS. XXX. 84 b.
They sall suffir the committeris thairof … to depart butt farthir payment of ony bludwett; 1573 Irvine Mun. II. 18.
Bludveit … Ane vnlaw for wrang or injurie, sik as bloud; Skene Verb. S. s.v.
Bludweitis, amerchiamentis, vnlawes … to lyft; 1601 Frasers of Philorth Chart. 268.
The bluides, bluidweittes, ischeas, … to receave and vptak; 1641 Acts V. 627/2.
To pey ¥20 to William, Maister of Forbes, as an blood weete; 1668 Forbes Baron Ct. 271.
(d) The quhilk sett of the landis … with hereyeld, merchett and bludewik … we retify and affirme; 1450 Coll. Aberd. & B. 428.
Thai sal pay the half of the reuenowis, herȝeldis, bluidweikis … to the said Maister Androw; 1500 Reg. Episc. Brechin I. 219.
Si dicte persone … inciderent in aliquo amerchiamento, vulgariter bludewekis, soluerent dicto Alex. pro quolibet bludeweke, 40 solidos; 1536 (1554) Reg. Great S. 203/2.
The bailȝeis … being dotit with priuilege of bluid weik and vnlaw thairof; 1546 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 228.
(e) Thay sall suffer the committaris thairof … to depart but forder pay ment of ony bluidwed; 1557 Ayr Chart. 44.
Ane laudabill act … anent the bestowing and imploying of the vnlawis and bluidwodis of said bruch; 1607 Glasgow B. Rec. I. 270.

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"Bludewite n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 16 Jun 2019 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/bludewite>

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