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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1937 (DOST Vol. I).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Beuch, Bewch, n. Also: beugh, bewche, buche, bwche; pl. bewys, -is, -es, buwys, bowis. [ME. bouh, bouȝ, bogh, etc., OE. bóh, bóᵹ, shoulder, foreleg, branch. The pl. bewis is normally developed from OE. bóᵹas: cf. the pl. of cleuch, heuch, pleuch.]

1. A bough or branch of a tree.(a) sing. c1450-2 Howlat 607.
Ilk braunche and beugh
a1500 Henr. Fab. 440; Ib. 562.
Vnder ane birkin beuch
Ib. 570 (B).
With that the cok brade vnto a buche
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 205.
Ȝe speik of berdis on bewch
Ib. l. 27.
Vyld Robeine wnder bewch
1513 Doug. vi. ii. 121.
Amyd a rank tre lurkis a goldin bewch
1535 Stewart 38811.
Sa mony bus and beuch
a1605 Montg. Ch. & Slae 35.
Euery blome on bransche and bewch
Id. Son. v. 2.
Sacred beughis
1603 Stirling B. Rec. I. 107.
All tymbir … with the haill bark and beuche thairof
(b) pl. c1420 Wynt. i. 111.
Off buskis, bankkis, and of bewys
Ib. v. 156.
The buwys bowyd lawe
c1450-2 Howlat 897.
No bird was him lyke … Wnder the bewes
a1500 Henr. Fab. 1322.
The bewis braid blomit abone my heid
a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 31.
With birkin bewis about
a1500 Seven S. 334.
The bewes faire Of the gret tre
c1500-c1512 Dunb. G. Targe 39.
Emerant bewis grene
1513 Doug. ii. iv. 94.
With festuale flowris and bewys
Ib. iii. x. 47.
Cipressis berand heich thar bewys
1535 Stewart 639.
The blumand bewis abundand with sic birth
1560 Rolland Seven S. 46/18.
The bewis and branches of the auld [tree]
1587-99 Hume ii. 185.
In banks and bewis
1611-57 Mure I. 126/950.
Her heaven-bent bewes

2. The shoulder of a person or animal. a1568 Scott ii. 158.
Ryde doun this bra, Thocht ȝe suld brek ane bwche
Ib. 176.
Sum be the bewche he hang
1581 Sat. P. xliv. 127.
Ron custe the vsurie hard be the beuch
a1700 P. D. Mare of Collingtoun in Watson Coll. I. 46.
Willie … came and tuik her by the beugh, And with a rung … Laid on her

3. The bow of a vessel. ? 1623 Bann. MS. 210 b.
Beir vp hir beugh albeit she sould ly over

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"Beuch n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 24 Apr 2024 <>



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