A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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Ȝe, Ye, pron. Also: ȝhe, yhe, ȝie, yie, ȝei, ȝea, yea, ȝee, yee. Contracted form ȝ. [ME and e.m.E. ȝie (a1175), ȝe (c1175), ye (a1250), yee (Cursor M.), yhe (14th c.), ȝee (Wyclif), OE ᵹe, MLG, MDu. ghi, -i.] In early use, chiefly as the nominative form, but later replaced by Ȝow pron. Appar. also used in addressing someone of a higher status; cf. The pron., Thow pron. and Ȝow pron.

1. a. In nominative and vocative use. b. In apposition, also used in addressing a thing. a. sing. Quhat-kyne forton Ȝe [C. Ȝhe] mon drey; Barb. iv 650.
At yhe be at Edinburgh at vs the fyrst day of September … to tak yhour journay; ? c1400 Reg. Morton I xlii.
Learys sulde be lytille alowit wyth ony sic worschipfull kynge as ȝhe ar; 1405 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 59.
Wit yhe me … till haf gewyn … till a nobile man [etc.]; 1407 Charter (Reg. H.) C.O. No. 32.
Lord it is our desyre … That ȝe wald wed a far lady; Seven S. 115.
Scho said moder ȝe haue na considerans; Seven S. 1477.
Now fair sister … confese … how ȝe like lif to leid in to lell spousage? Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 155.
[Father to son]' … ȝe haiff byddyn lang fra me'; 1551 Prot. Bk. Sir Wm. Corbet No. 64.
Ye breed of the gouk, ye have not a rime but one; Ferg. Prov. (1706) 290.
(b) I persaife that yee meyn nocht to assent; 1573 Wemyss Corr. 94.
God save kowes quhairfra com ȝee; Montg. Flyt. 104 (H).
Yet anagram me Lordes … And yee shall find my Lords turne drols indeed; 1633 Lithgow Poet. Remains 112.
The said Elspet went in to sie the kow … and said, ‘Lamby, lamby, yee wilbe weill enough’; 1649 Cupar Presb. 147.
(c) What hes muvit yow yie neid to bost?; Melvill 65.
(d) Yow shall excuse me that he was so long of cuming, for this is the first that he gave away since the tyme that yea was here; 1609 Innes Sketches 514.
(e) Ȝei; 1614 Denmylne MSS in Highland P. III 162.
pl. Ȝe ar ilkan wycht and worthy … Wyrk yhe then apon swylk wys That [etc.]; Barb. ii 337, 340.
Fallowis, ȝhe man all thre … ga; Barb. vii 137 (C).
As before yhe have herd tell; Wynt. v 5460.
The maistir aw to say to his fallowis lordingis frauchtis in ȝour portaige or ȝe tyne of the frauch of the schip; Ship Laws c. 17 (H2).
Sa wundir wait wes the way, wit ye but wene; Gol. & Gaw. 35.
I knaw yone bauld berne better than ye; Gol. & Gaw. 343.
Ane iolie stone Of quhome the fabill ȝe sall heir anone; Henr. Fab. 63.
Deyme as yhe lest, ye that best can and may; Wall. v 123.
This ȝhe do as ȝhe will ansuere to ws; 1522 Fife Sheriff Ct. 176.
(b) Ȝea the said Jacob Jansone, Thomas Thomlene [etc.] … being than abuird in the said … schip … ȝea … at the leist ane great number of ȝow [etc.] … ȝea the saidis pirates … persewitt … ane French bark [etc.]; 1610 Crim. Trials III 104.
Praise yea the Lord; Mure Psalmes cxlvi 1.
b. sing. O Nature, quene, and O ȝe lustie May; Doug. Pal. Hon. 91.
John Hwme, Inglisman, ye ar inditit for the cuming fra the Inglis army [etc.]; 1547–8 Stirling B. Rec. I 51.
It suld be ȝe, Mother, suld me instruct; 1572 Sat. P. xxxiii 199.
pl. Yhe Romanys succoure nowe; Wynt. v 665.
Yhe birdis, blyth as bellis; Wall. ii 223.
Behald ȝe men that callis ladyis lidder; Doug. Pal. Hon. 1588.
O ȝe cald assys of Troy and flawmys baith; Doug. ii vii 122.
Bot ȝhe, onhappy men, fle from this sted; Doug. iii ix 94.
Ȝe blindit luvaris, luke The rekles lyfe ȝe leid; Scott xxxiv 1.
Angells of light, Yee hosts of His; Mure Psalmes cxlviii 2.
Yea mountaines and yea hills; Mure Psalmes cxlviii 9.
Yee which with sapp He fills, Tall cedars of the field; Mure Psalmes cxlviii 9.

2. In objective use as a direct object. Ples ye to wit that I hav beyn hewyle trobillit with ane sair leg; c1550 Exch. R. XVIII 502.
Te portat, carieth ye about; Buch. Comm. on Virgil Æn. i 755.

3. In the above uses in collocation with Ȝow pron. and, more rarely, Thow pron. a. In instances where ȝe is the nominative form and ȝow is the objective form, specif. as direct object, freq. reflex., as indirect object or the object of a preposition. b. With ȝow as an alternative nominative form. c. With thow as an alternative nominative form. a. (1) We pray yhow … alsa that yhe gerre quit owre obligacion … be myd somer; 1390 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 19.
1401 Aberd. B. Rec. I 380 (see (2) below).
We charge yhu … that yhe content and pay yherly [etc.]; 1434 Exch. R. IV 567.
We requere yhow as oure dere frendis that yhe will ger the said chayplanis be payit; 1507 Reg. Episc. Brechin. II 157.
Howbeit thay call you lawis sone, ye ar nocht lawis fader, to mak lawis at your plesour; Maitland Ho. Seytoun 25.
(2) Haid ȝe wmbethocht ȝow enkrely Quhat perell to ȝow mycht apper; Barb. i 92.
Reuerence & honour likit yhu [sc. an unnamed lord] to wit that … we requir yhu that … yhe wald asich gif yhe ocht aw hym … and gif yhe will adreis yhu to be at ony day with hym; 1401 Aberd. B. Rec. I 380.
Hwmblely he [sc. the king] said, ‘Ȝe suld disples ȝou nocht. This ȝe desyryt'; Wall. xi 269 (McD.).
God grant sum time ȝe turn ȝou to pennans; Doug. iv Prol. 181.
And neir the dur ȝe hyd ȝow prevely And quhen I bid ȝow stryk strek hardely; Freiris Berw. 488 (B).
Ȝe pryd ȝow at thair proppis; Scott xxxiv 125.
(3) Ȝe se quhow Dare ȝow has his message send To haue tribut or to destroy ȝour land; Hay Alex. 2440.
Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 257 (see List v.1 1 a).
(4) Barb. i 93 (see (2) above).
Bot the gret part to ȝow tuk ȝe, That slew [four] off the fyve ȝow ane; Barb. vi 658.
For takine ȝe sall trew The thinge I say till ȝow now; Leg. S. ii 222.
That ȝe deliuer … the lede that ȝe haue in keping of oure said castel of Bute, indenting witht him quhat that ȝe deliuer, kepand the ta parte of the indenture witht ȝow; 1470 Lennox Mun. 81.
Ȝe prelatis quhilkis hes thousandis for to spende Ȝe send ane sempyll freir for ȝow to preche; Lynd. Trag. Card. 310.
I speir at ȝow haue ȝe ony knawlege Quhairfoir I send to ȝow seuin my message; Rolland Seven S. 248.
Quhy geif ȝe iust occasioun to the infirm to be in that part sclanderit be ȝow? Winȝet I 79/23.
Ye and euere ane of yow; 1568 Liber Coll. Glasg. lxxxiii.
Lord God eternall … Ȝe heir the prayer of the pure … We haif no man to plenȝe to bot Ȝow For it wes Thow that coft ws deir; Bann. MS 93a/11.
Ȝe sould tak rycht gude garde Or lestand feid ȝe on ȝou bring; Maitland Maitl. F. 320/87.
Ye iest at vs, we iyve at yow aga[n]e; Fowler I 328/5.
Ye see your Father is homely with you; 1636 Rutherford Lett. (1894) 135.
Ye confesst that … in the glomeing before the said meeting the Devil appeared to you; 1662 Soc. Ant. XXII 221.
(b) As ȝie and ilkane of ȝow will ansuer to ws; 1599 Fraser P. 116.
b. 1442–3 Coldingham Priory 148 (see Ȝow pron.1 and note).
My consell is, therfore, you to absten Whill that to yow the werray rycht be sen Of his entent, the wich ful son ȝhe may Have knawlag, if yow lykith; Lanc. 1263.
Yow speikis sa littill of Godis mycht Ye weill var I trow ye; Sir Colling 93.
Ye're holy sprits, tho' hypocrits. Its sack you drink, not ale, boys; Whigs Welcome from Bothwell Brig in Bk. Pasquils (1827) i 5.
Yow shall excuse me that he was so long of cuming, for this is the first that he gave away since the time that yea was here; 1609 Innes Sketches 514.
c. Wat thu nocht thu mone de That byding brakis of princis hye? … Oure godis ȝe do honoure til … As ȝe se hyeare princis do; Leg. S. xxxvii 94.
Wantownnes come to the wall … And cryit our, ‘Quhat folk ar ȝe thairout?' ‘My name is Age,’ said he … 'May thow nocht heir langar how I culd shout?' ‘Quhat war ȝour will?' ‘I will cum in, but dout.’ ‘Now God forbid, in fayth, ȝe cum nocht heir.' ‘Rin on thy way, or thow sall beir ane route’; K. Hart 442, 446.
Ane that befor was haldin for a foule that said to the king schir weraly ȝe suld … forgeue him For ȝe haue causit this slauchtir mar than he than said the king … thou wait nocht quhat thou sais, quhow haue I slane the persoune Than ansuerit the fule, schir I sall tell ȝou; Irland Mir. III 133/18.
Thow speiris, dastard, gif I dar with thé fecht: Ȝe dagone, dowbart, thairof haif thow no dowt; Dunb. Flyt. 66.
We sall deyll it with our neiffs. Cum doun off jugement owt of the bar & se geve ye [overwritten thow] dar byde at that; 1533 Dumfries B. Ct. 136b.

4. As the indefinite personal pronoun: One. For ane iyrone stanchour quhilk was puttin abone the entres of the gallarye as ye pas throch the ovir trans [etc.]; 1576 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 301.
Robert Ewarts halfe skair on the east syde of the gaite as ye goe to Culdoche; 1682 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. MS (18 Nov.).

5. Combined with a following contracted verb form, or, contracted itself and combined with a following verb form. Ȝeill, yeel(l, yell, yeil, = you will (Wil(l v.1). Ȝ'ar, ye'r, = you are (Be v.). Ȝeis, = you shall (S1). (1) To pomp als oft as ȝe may haill, Ȝeill nevir hald hir watter-fast; a1568 Sempill in Sat. P. xlvi 16.
If this day yeil … come to sun your moulyie cunȝe; Fowler I 320/19.
Richelieu, a toune that give yeell consider its bigness … hath not its match in France; 1665–7 Lauder Jrnl. 25.
Remove your eyes to another corner, and their yeel sy great tries torn up by the roots; 1665–7 Lauder Jrnl. 44.
I desyre yell doe me the faivour to look out … all the papers ye have; 1680 Sc. N. & Q. 2 Ser. II 43.
[Inscription on snuff-box] Sike me within Yeil powder fin; 1699 Aberd. Journal N. & Q. IV 121.
(2) Sum sayis ȝ'ar [B. ȝe ar] ane fals Saracene; Lynd. Sat. 2195 (Ch.).
Ye'r but a prentise at the pleugh; Montg. Ch. & Slae 1150 (Wr.).
(3) Hamelines the cap ȝeis fill; Lynd. Sat. 536 (Ch.).
Ȝeis lay ane soft wisp to the kill; Wyf Awcht. 29.
And said gude man ȝeis gif ane croun to me; Rolland Seven S. 3758.
Will ȝe say so … Ȝeis want the heid; Rolland Seven S. 5593.
Ȝeis luik I sall not lie; Arbuthnot in Maitl. Q. 90/64.
Cappit knaif … ȝeis be knokit; Polwart Flyt. 804 (T).

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"Ȝe pron.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 15 May 2021 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/3e>



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