DSL - DOST   Quen(e, Quein, n.1 Also: qwen(e, quhen(e; queine, quhein, queyn(e, qweyn(e, quheyn(e; queen(e, qween, quean(e; quenn-; quin(e, qwin, quyn(e.  [ME and e.m.E. quen, quene (1205), qwhene (north.), quyene, also whene (west midl.), OE cwén (str. fem.) woman, wife, queen (Gmc. *kwæcirc;ni-z, ablaut-var. of *kwenn- whence QUENE n.2).].
    1. A queen, in the usual applications and collocations. (1)  And [Makbeth-Fynlayk] held hyr bathe hys wyff and qweyne; Wynt vi 1881.  Orpheus king and how he yeid ... to seik his quene; Henr. Orph. Title (Ch. & M.).  King Priame and his qwene Hecuba; Asl. MS I 310/5.  Ib. 208/25.  Plancius ... repudiatt his lauchfull qweyn; Bell. Boece (M) I 117.  He Intumulat in Drunfermling wes ... sum thing inwith his quene; Stewart 51442.  Than sall I ... crowne hir to my quene; Rolland Seven S. 540.  King Alexanders quene; Ib. 10310.  Leslie 48.  Till first he [sc. the king] ... quite his popish quean; 1680 Lauder Observes 21. (2)  Sanct Margaret the gud haly quene; Barb. x 742 (E).  The complayntis of owre lady the qwene anentis hyr pension; 1399 Acts I 212/1.  A collec for the kyng and the qwene; 1450 Peebles Chart. 15.  Before the quene sen scho is in his [sc. the king's] absence governand the realme; Hay I 251/10.  Oure souerain lady the quene; 1462 Swintons App. p. xlv.  K. Hart 129.  Ane croune for the quene; ... and thrid pairt leo; 1503 Treas. Acc. II 206.  Doug. I v 132.  Unto the quen our gud sister; 1566 Misc. Maitl. C. III 185.  The pulder mon be laid in the house under the kingis chalmer, quhaire the queene suld lye; 1567 Anderson Collect. Mary II 178.  That murtherer and knawin adultres called the quene; Bann. Trans. 14.  It wes injoynit to thame to pray for the quene; Diurn. Occurr. 224.  For our dearest bedfellow the quene; 1603 Southesk MSS 722.  What the quen my mestres thocht of him; Melville Mem. 126. (b)  And the queyn & the Mortymer On other part; Barb. xx 85 (E).  Wynt. ii 1271.  That Candas The quene had sent; Alex. ii 2991.  As to the dowry of the queyne it is ordanit that [etc.]; 1466 Acts II 85/2.  Remuif Hary Steuart fra the queine; 1527 Douglas Corr. 343.  The schips appoyntet for hamebering of the queyne; 1589 Edinb. B. Rec. V 8.  Quhill the 3oung queine was now of age xij 3eiris; Dalr. II 348/8.  Quein; Spalding II 233. (c)  Queen; 1506 Treas. Acc. III 48.  Our ladie the queene; Acts (1597) i 22a. (d)  The quyn yowr grace dochtyr; 1549 Corr. M. Lorraine 314.  Y send 3ou the double off them y vreit to the quin my gud sister; 1568 Mary in Ellis Orig. Lett. 1 Ser. II (1824) 253. (3)  Oure lustie quein; Dunb. lxxvii 6.  In name of our maist gracious quene moderne; 1555 Aberd. B. Rec. I 284.  Our queine belyke is not well informit; 1566 Bk. Univ. Kirk I 89.  1567 Sat. P. iii 160.  Our Scoittis quein; Pitsc. II 124/21.  Our Quen, then Douagiere of France; Melville Mem. 88. (4)  Jehanne, be the grace of Gode Quene of Scotlande; 1439 Cop. St. A. 171.  The Quene of Napplis; Hay I 74/22.  The Quene of Inglandis dirigee; 1502-3 Treas. Acc. II 362.  Gladethe thoue Queyne of Scottis regioun; Dunb. lxxxvii 1.  In our souerane ladyis nayme Mare, Queyne off Scotland; 1550 Banff Ann. I 28.  Our quene, of Scotland heretour, Sche dwellith in France; Lynd. Mon. 12.  Marie ... Quene of Scottis; 1565 Facs. Nat. MSS III xlviii.  For scho is quene of Jowis; Gyre-carling 25.  In hoip of mariage of the Scottis quene; Buch. Wr. 50.  An, Quhene of Scotland; Cullen Chron. Aberd. 65.  That the Quen of Scotlandis [sic] was leichter of a faire sonne; Melville Mem. 159. ---  The Quean of Brittain's birth-day; 1681 Lauder Observes 51. (b)  His moder Margret, Quine of Scotland; Pitsc. II 213/17 (H). (5)  The ewnuke of Quen Candas; Leg. S. x 215.  The Queyn Eleyn; Troy-bk. ii 35.  The said King Lowis and Quene Jounelle; Hay I 253/34.  Queyn Dido of Cartage; Doug. i x 51.  Quheyn Margarit; Abell 11*a.  Quhell Quhen Mare be crownit; 1553 Balcarres P. 314.  Queyne Anne, oure noble Princess; 1592 Hist. Jas. VI 253. (6)  Thu suld haf ben Of a gret realme a mychtty quen; Leg. S. xxxiii 148.  Honorabilly for to be ther Buryed as the bodye of a queyn; Troy-bk. ii 63.  Ane wedow quene; Alex. (Taym.) 7395.  Ane ambassate ... to haue full power to mary & bring hame a quene; 1467 Acts II 90/1.  Litile doggis ... To clerkis and qweynis cordis; Bernardus 324.  I see 3e will have fyiftene quenis and fyiftene scoir of concubenis; Lynd. Sat. 910.  In clothing as effeirit to ane queine; Clar. i 670.  He mycht haue bene ane marrow to ane quene; 1567 Sat. P. iii 60. (7)  Off the mast byschape off that land Scho qwene was made; Wynt. vii 3413.  That madyn ... apperyd till have bene Be the lawch off Norway quene; Ib. viii 96.  He maid hir queyne and souuerane lady of all the realme; Irland Mir. II 32/24.  Sa lang as quein thow beiris croun; Dunb. (O.U.P.) xlviii 71.  Worthy to be queyn [Sm., Ruddim. quene] of ony land; Doug. xii i 64.  That thei should nether complayne to quene nor counsall; Knox II 371. (8)  Tak confurd to thé, quene! Leg. S. l 963.  Dunb. lxxxvii 1 (see (4) above).
    b. = QUENE-DOWRIAR n., QUENE-MOTHER n.  Ane lettre of tak made with avise of the queyn tutrice testamentare and governour to the king, and of the lordis of counsale; 1513 Reg. Privy S. I 388/2.  1545 Douglas Corr. 155.  Gif the quene had the gouernment of the realme; Dalr. II 348/2.  Quein Marie mother and regent to the queinis majestie; 16.. Cochran-Patrick Coinage I 97.
    2. transf. A female whose rank, status or pre-eminence is analogous to that of a queen.  Till him thar descendyt a qweyne Inlumyt lycht, schynand full brycht and scheyne; Wall. vii 90.  I can nocht witt quhat qweyn at it suld be Quhethir Fortoun or Our Lady so fre; Ib. 129.  To haue past abone the zodiak As quein and goddes of the firmament; Maitl. Q. lxiii 40.
    b. Applied, freq., to the Virgin, esp. in phrases as quene of hevin (also of grace and the like).
    For further examples see BLIS n. 2, EMPERICE n., HEVIN n. 2, etc.  Hou that Crist ... His modir cronyt & mad quene [: wene]; Leg. S. Prol. 92.  Of Mary, the quene of grace; Ib. xxiv 26.  Henr. Annunc. 72.  Scho thankit hewynnis queyn; Wall. i 261.  Irland Mir. I 71/10.  O hie emprys and quene celestiale; Asl. MS II 245/1.  This hevinly queyne; Kennedy Pass. Christ 1429.  Sen thow art qwene of hevyne; Dunb. lxxxv 52.  The Uirgine Marie, quene of quenis; Lynd. Mon. 5642.  Mary, ... quen and mothir of all creatour; Arundel MS 282/102.

    c. Applied, chiefly by poets, to goddesses of ancient religions or mythologies.  Quhare Rodomantus and Proserpina Were king and quene; Henr. Orph. 309.  In Maij quhen Flora the fresche lusty qwene The sule has cled; Asl. MS II 247/1.  Thair saw I nature and Venus, quene and quene; Dunb. G. Targe 73.  Doug. xi xvi 28.  Uenus, ... that lustie luffis quene; Lynd. Dreme 406.  O lusty Maye vitht Flora quene; Compl. 65/3.  Bann. MS 229b/1.
    d. Applied to a woman accorded pre-eminence at a particular festivity.
    Quene of Bane, s.v. BANE n.3; Quene of May, s.v. MAY n.1 2.

    e. Quene of (the) Canongait, ? the nickname of a local `character', but perh. merely an instance of QUENE n.2 (as is, appar., the quene of the Blakfurd, see QUENE n.2 1).  To the quene of the Canongait; 1502 Treas. Acc. II 348.  1506 Ib. III 113.  To the daft queyn of the Canongait; 1507-8 Ib. IV 95.  To the ald quene of Cannongait, callit the Quene of Maij; 1512 Ib. 398.
    f. In quene of fary, quene of elfame, etc.
    For further examples, see FARY n. 1 b and c.  The quene of fary; Rowll Cursing 229.  Sche glansis, as scho war Queine of Fary; Rob Stene 3.  1662 Crim. Trials III 604.  Sinclair Satan's Inv. World Suppl. xii. ---  That was the Quene of Elfame his maistres; 1576 Crim. Trials I ii 57.  1588 Ib. 162.  He grantis that he lay with the Quen of Elphen; 1597 Misc. Spald. C. I 124. ---  The court of the elph quene; Polwart Flyt. 274 (T).

    3. Applied, in personification, to a material or non-material thing regarded as supreme or pre-eminent in its class or kind.  Quhen He oure-com the ded, the quene [etc.]; Leg. S. ix 179.  Dame Misericord ... was queyne and mastres of all wertuis; Irland Mir. I 112/18.  In mirthfull May, of eviry moneth quene; Dunb. G. Targe 252.  Thow richest ros ... quene of flouris; Ib. xlviii 160.  Make ane of thame [sc. the seven cardinal virtues] ... quene of all the rest uithin you; James VI Basil. Doron 137/3.
    4. The queen in chess.  In figour suld be maid in ches a quene A fair ladye; Bk. Chess 459.  A quheyne movand scho suld kepe colouris ay; Ib. 2082.
    5. In the possessive.
    Also, rarely, without inflection.

    a. Belonging or pertaining to a queen, or the Queen, in a private or personal capacity. b. Possessed, enjoyed, occupied or employed by the Queen by virtue of her position or office.
    For further examples see BONET n. 1 (a), BUKKIL(L n., CHAMER n. 1 (a) and (b), CURGE n., ENTRÉ n. 1 (1), FULE n. 3, GALRY n., GOUN(E n. (a), JAM(M)A(Y adj. 1, KACHEPELE n. b, KNICHT n. 2 (1) and 3 b, LITTAR n. 1 a (1) and b, LUTAR n.1 (a), MINISTER n. 1, MORWYNGIFT n. (a), PALICE n.1 1 b (1), etc. (1)  The qwenys swn; Wynt. iv 511.  Quod ane, Tak up the quenis knycht; Dunb. liii 6.  The quenis tail3our; 1511 Treas. Acc. IV 265.  Fra the quenys moder; 1539 Ib. VII 193.  He beand ane lauit man and the quenis rebald; 1558 Dumfr. & Galloway Soc. 3 Ser. XIV 110.  Matho Mortoun queins servand; 1564 Boyd Fam. P. No. 47 (13 Feb.). (2)  That the annexacione of thir ... castellis to the crovne mak na preiudice to ... the quenys infeftment; 1455 Acts II 42/2.  To sex ladys of the quenis chalmire; 1473 Treas. Acc. I 29.  To tua gromes Inglismen in the quenis wardrob; 1503 Ib. II 336.  Payit to James Dog ... for girs ... to the kingis and quenis chamires; 1504 Ib. 438.  In quhenis landis and barony of Rovallane; 1530 Montgomery Mem. 111.  For beireing of burds and trestis to the queenis luging on Corporischristeis day; 1553-4 Edinb. Old Acc. I 108.  For reparatioun of the queinis stabillis; 1563 Reg. Cupar A. II 280.  The declaratioun of the quein's libertie; 1567 Acts Sederunt ii 9.  Of the quenis conjunct fie; Balfour Pract. 101 marg.  Ib. 105 marg. (3)  Thingis tane for the quenis persone; 1473 Treas. Acc. I 29.  At the qwenis sawle mess; 1488 Ib. 89. (4)  To a gowne of the qwenis; 1473 Treas. Acc. I 33.  To xiij 3emen of the kingis and the queynis; 1474 Ib. 61.  Peces of gold ... havand ane schyfre of the quheinis one the ane syde; 16.. Cochran-Patrick Coinage I 97.

    c. Pertaining to the Queen as sovereign, or as regent for the titular sovereign.
    For further examples see AUCTORITÉ n. 2 (a), (c), LADING vbl. n. 1, LETTER n. 7 b (1), NAME n. 4 b (a). (1)  The missiue bill producit ... in the quenis name; 1522 Acta Conc. MS XXXIII 28b.  And that the quennis auttorite be nocht contemmyt; 1543 Corr. M. Lorraine 39.  Ane boy send furth of Edinburgh with the quennis standart; 1547 Armstrong Hist. Liddesdale I App. p. lxxxv.  For interlyning of the quenis lettres; 1553 Treas. Acc. X 198.  Ane new penny of siluir ... to be callit the kingis and quenis twelff penny grote; 1557-8 Acts Privy C. in Cochran-Patrick Coinage I 77.  Fugitiue fra the quenis lawis; 1564 Crim. Trials I i 444.  To convene the quenis legis; 1565 Aberd. B. Rec. I 459.  The queines commissione, which ... was invaled from the beginning; Bann. Memor. 20.  The quenis irnis of the cun3ehous; Diurn. Occurr. 53.  To ane painter for decoring the king and quenes airmes ... with new ivy leiffis; 1594 Edinb. D. Guild Acc. 532.  That he wes at the horne [in 1567] at the quein's instance; Hope Major Pract. I 277. (2)  This bruche and the queyne legis is mistakit; 1559 Inverness Rec. I 35.

    d. In complimentary titles used in referring to, also addressing, a queen.
    As, chiefly, with GRACE n. 5, also MAJESTE(E n. 2 b and HIENES n. (1)  Deliverit be the kingis grace to the quenis grace; 1511-12 Treas. Acc. IV 323.  Qweenis grace; c 1522 Doug. (Sm.) I p. cxi.  That the qwenes graice sall be deulie plesit of hir maillis; 1527-8 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 92.  For bukelis [etc.] ... to the quenis grace harnesingis; 1541 Treas. Acc. VII 448.  1546 Acts Sederunt i 46.  The quhenis grace and your ... friendis are in gud heltht; 1553 Balcarres P. 314.  That the quyneis grace hes ane ewyll oppon3eone of my serwice; 1554-5 Corr. M. Lorraine 395. ---  To the quenis grace of Scotland; 1539 Treas. Acc. VII 52.  Officer to my souerand laydye the quennys grace of Scotland; 1551 Prot. Bk. W. Corbet (S.R.S.) 14. ---  The quenis grace our soverane moderis oretour; 1537-8 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 224.  Dettis awand ... be the queinis grace the kingis moder; 1538 Treas. Acc. VI 390.  To the qwinis grace, my mastres; 1543 Corr. M. Lorraine 24. (2)  In the quenis grece chalmer; 1531-2 M. Works Acc. I (ed.) 76.  The atechment of all ther gudis to the queynes grace uis; ?1554 Corr. M. Lorraine 379.  To the quenis gracis ladeis; 1561 Treas. Acc. XI 65. ---  Our souerane lorde and ladyis the king and quene graceis leigeis; 1558 Glasgow Cordiners 248. (3)  Pais no dewets or burgage to queins grace; 1560 Old Ross-shire I 13. (4)  To the quenes maiestie; Win3et I 3 Title.  That the quines majestie hes desyrit me to be into Edinbrhwite [etc.]; 1564 Reg. Morton I 11.  Secretarie to the Qwins Maiestie of Inglande; 1586 Gray Lett. & P. 140. (5)  The quenis hienes; 1524 Acta Conc. Publ. Aff. 211.  The quenis hienes lettres dowlie execute and indorsate; 1562 Reg. Privy C. I 211.

    e. As a place name element.
    Chiefly in the Quenis-ferry.
    See also HAUCH n.1 (b).  Thare he gert stryk off hys hede ... Than bere it to the Qwenys-ferry; Wynt. vi 534.  Of ten pundis worth of land ... beside the Quenis fery; 1480 Acta Conc. I 70/2.  Insulam ... inter le Quenys Feryis situatam; ?1491 Reg. Great S. 429/1.  To the freris of the Quenis fery be the kingis command in Edinburgh; 1498 Treas. Acc. I 387.  1502 Ib. II 147, etc.  The peipill in the Queanis-ferrie; 1629 Linlithgow B. Rec. 9 Oct.  For a horse hire to the Queensferry, £1.3.8; 1677 Cunningham Diary 91.

    f. In other, special, combinations. ---  The provest baillies and consall hes decernit and ordanit the taxt of the deneris to be collectit ... togidder with the quhenis-taxt; 1556 Haddington B. Rec. (Robb) 9 Dec.  Thrie greit peices of gold callit Quene Maries peices; 1586 Edinb. Test. XVI 214b.  Neither did she want bottles of the Queen of Hungaries water; a 1700 Anal. Scot. II 161.