Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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YAUD, n.1 Also yad(e), yawd (Lnk. a.1832 W. Watt Poems (1860) 353), yode (Gsw. 1860 J. Young Poorhouse Lays 30), ¶yud; †yead (Lth. 1819 J. Thomson Poems 162), yaid (Sc. 1887 Jam.). [jɑ:d] 1. An old mare, or horse, esp. in a broken-down, wornout condition (Gall. 1824 MacTaggart Gallov. Encycl. 496; Sc. 1825 Jam., also yad; Sc. 1869 J. C. Morton Cycl. Agric. II. 727; Abd. 1913; Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B., 1942 Zai; s.Sc. 1974). Also fig. See Jaud, n. Rarely applied to an old cow (Morton, ib.). Sc. 1724  Ramsay T.-T. Misc. (1876) I. 7:
On his gray yad as he did ride.
Sc. 1776  D. Herd Sc. Songs II. 115:
Our bra' basin'd yade, Will carry ye hame your corn, What wad ye be at, ye jad?
Ayr. 1794  Burns Election Ball. 3. vii.:
That auld grey yaud a' Nidsdale rade.
Sc. 1816  Scott Black Dwarf i.:
Landlord, get us our breakfast, and see an' get the yauds fed.
Slk. 1818  Hogg B. of Bodsbeck vii.:
A douse-looking man wi' a brown yaud.
Wgt. 1877  “Saxon” Gall. Gossip 29:
After the murder and burial of the ‘aul yaud'.
Ags. 1897  A. Reid Bards Angus 133:
Ae nicht the farm lads Had stabl'd up their wearied yauds.
Bnff. 1927  Banffshire Jnl. (31 May) 2:
The three airn cleeks whilk he drave in the wa' To tie up wild yads when heigh customers ca'.
Edb. 1940  R. Garioch 17 Poems for 6d. 6:
King Charles's yud, prancin owre Knox's grave.

2. Fig. A contemptuous term for a woman, freq. one of slovenly or dissolute habits (Sc. 1887 Jam.). Comb. bait-yaud, a woman who gathers shellfish and the like for fishing-bait. For yule's yaud see Yule, 3. (48). Abd. 1787  A. Shirrefs Jamie and Bess 15:
I own I anes had liking for the yade, But couk to think o't since she turn'd a bawd.
Bwk. 1856  G. Henderson Pop. Rhymes 107:
Raw lads, and bait-yauds, On wi' creels, and on wi' pads.
Lth. 1885  J. Strathesk More Bits 257:
The auld harridan was a yammerin', yaffin', yelpin', yatterin', yad.

3. Transf. usages: (1) “A piece of bad coal, which becomes a white ashy lump in the fire” (Fif. 1808 Jam., yad), a large piece of slatey bad-burning coal (Fif. 1974). Cf. Ghaist, 2.(3).

(2) in reeling yarn: a thread that has not gone properly round the reel but is left hanging between the spokes (Lnk. 1822 G. R. Kinloch MS.; Rxb., Ayr. 1825 Jam.; Rnf. 1837 Crawfurd MSS. X. 189).

(3) a large variety of the common limpet (Bwk. 1885 Hist. Bwk. Nat. Club XI. 162). Bwk. 1842  Proc. Bwk. Nat. Club. (1849) 36:
Our fishermen distinguish three kinds of Limpets: viz. (1) Yawds, which have a tough leathery foot of a cream-yellow colour, and tentacula of the same colour but a shade lighter.

[O.Sc. yald, an old mare, c.1500, Mid.Eng. ȝald, a whore, O.N. jalda, a mare. Some forms have been influenced by Eng. jade, of sim. meanings but etymologically unconnected. See Jaud.]

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"Yaud n.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 15 Dec 2017 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/yaud_n1>

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