DSL - DOST Sojourn(e, -jorn(e, Sujorn(e, Sudjorn(e, v. Also: sojowrn, -jurn(e, sogeo(u)rne, swjorn, sugeorn(e, (sugeournyngn), sudiourn. [ME soiourni (c1290), soiorn(e (Manning), ME and e.m.E. suiorn (Cursor M.), soiourn(e (Rolle), sug- (c1325), sugge(ou)rn(e, sogeourne (c1440), e.m.E. also sudgern(e (a1485), early ME also soriourni, e.m.E. sourgoyn(e (1513), OF sujurner, sojorner, -journer, pop. L. *subdiurnre, med. L. subjornare, -jurnare, also OF surjurner, sorjorner, med. L. superdiurnare, f. diurnum daily, day.]
1. intr. a. To stay for a (brief) period of time at a place; to tarry.
(a) Thay soiournyt [C. sudiornyt] thar dayis thre; Barb. xvi 47 (E). Thare sojowrnand [C. suiornande, W. soiornand] a quhille he bade; Wynt. ii 1613. We will nocht soiorne her, Nor change no weid, bot our ilk dayis ger; Wall. iii 79. That ... the kingis ... persoune be translat to ... Cragmillar thar to sugeorne and remane for viii dayis or x; 1517 Acta Conc. Publ. Aff. 100. And thair ane space remanit he ... Quhen he ane quhyle had sojornit, He to the court of France returnit; Lynd. Meldrum 601. Thair he soiornd for his pastime ane space; Rolland Seven S. 6937.
(b) And quhen in Cragfergus had he With his men sudiornyt [E. soiournyt] dais thre; Barb. xvi 52 (C). And thare no more scho did sudiorne, Bot with the branche, scho did returne; Lynd. Mon. 1487.
b. To stay behind; to remain in a place.
Thir angrys may I ne mar drey, For thoucht me tharfor worthit dey I mon soiourne, quhar-euer it be. Levys me tharfor; Barb. iii 323.
c. To stay for an unlimited period (chiefly, in a place or with a person); to make one's residence, to dwell.
(a) That e enterit ... To sogeourne here in hys cuntre With-out leue; Troy-bk. i 45. Dukis ... And erlis ... That with hym that tyme soiournyt thare; Troy-bk. i 241. Of hunting Haboundanly thar had the kyng The quhilk gaue hym occasioune That tyme to soiourne in-to that toune; Troy-bk. i 282. Anthenor in Troye not willand To duelle ne soiourne [D. sudiorne] in that land; Troy-bk. ii 1452 (C). How the michtie Nabuchodonosor In beistlie forme did on the feild soiurne [L. sudiourn]; Doug. Pal. Hon. 757. The ... victorius campyoun ... hes done return ... With his all-weilding Father to soiorne; Arundel MS 275/28. That first the poor that belong to the town, and then such as sojurn with us, may be relieved; 1696 Sc. Ant. XIII 77.
(b) The eyrne ... mon of fors he cum done To the law erd, & ther suiorne; Leg. S. v 498. Thare as thai war suyornand, ... com tythand That Traiane emperour wes ded; Leg. S. xxix 904. Dame Mergaret Steward ... the qwilk we fand suiornand in the Castel of Temptaloun ... that ... als lang as hir likys thar to duel [etc.]; 1388 Douglas Chart. 32. [He] tretit him all that he mycht To byde with him ... Bot Circes has him send a lettir ... That he on na wys wald sudiorne; Troy-bk. ii 3032. When well long haith yow swiornyt in a place And well acqueynt thé vith thi puple has Than [etc.]; Lanc. 1709. To remain and sugeorn within Ingland als lang as he or thai ples; 1498 Reg. Privy S. I 26/1.
(c) Eneas Amyd the starnys chosyn has his place Quham the famyll ... Julian Doith clepe ... Indigites, quhilk is alsmekill to say As god induellar, at thar sudiornys ay; Doug. xiii xi 80. To sudiorne here perpetualie as exile; Boece 465.
2. To stop, come to a halt. Also transf.
Day and night thay sojorne not nor rest Bot furth thay held ower fluid with saillis prest; Clar. v 2713.
transf. So it turnit This penny that xv eir it nocht soiornit He mvlteplyit moir than a thowsand pound; Colk. Sow iii 130.
3. tr. a. To rest (a horse), to leave (it) free from exertion.
Into my sheild first sall I sie Sik woundis that the king sall say That I come fra na herdis play Na that my steid sall nocht be Sa greatly soiornit vnder me; Alex. i 814.
b. To sojourne (horses) on or in (a person or place), to quarter (horses), take stabling, etc. by compulsion or military order.
The kyng forbiddis that ony cumpanyis ... thig or soiorne hors outhir on kirkmen or husbandis of the lande; 1424 Acts II 4/1. [It is forbidden] that ony cumpanys pas in the cuntre lyand on hwsbandis ... or thyg or sugeournyngn [sic] hors in abbais or kyrkmen or husbandis; Acts Jas. I 82b.
4. intr. Of a person or persons: To sojourne on or upon (a person), to exact accommodation from (a person) by threat or command; cf.
All sorn ers, quha lyis and sojournis vpon the kings lieges; Skene Verb. S. s.v. Schireffe. That no companies ... ly on our leidges, or thig or sojourn on them; 1697 Proclamation 28 Dec.