DSL - DOST Furth, adv. Also: fwrthe, furthe, furtht, furhtt, furght, furch(t; fourth(e, fourtht, foourth, foorth. [ME. furthe, furth (a 1400), occas. var. of forth(e, OE. forþ.]
1. With verbs of motion: a. Forth, forward, onward.
Thou sall pas furth with my blessing; Barb. v. 249. How scho furth suld caryit be; Ib. xvi. 287. Thai cryit hei ... , `furth to the wall'; Ib. xvii. 680. The emperoure, ... send thame furth on thare way; Leg. S. xxix. 563. He tuke wpe sayle, and furth he past; Wynt. ii. 749. Furth on hors rycht fast rydand; Ib. viii. 7019. With that scho tuke hir leif & furth can ga; Henr. Fab. 185. The cartaris ... callyt furth the cartis; Wall. ix. 718. Richt furth he gois no thing anguler; Bk. Chess 2156. Thow ma ... consydder That ane blynde man is led furth be ane uther; Dunb. xc. 35. Furth in the feild he raid; Stewart 27078. The ong partan vald nocht gang euyn furtht; Compl. 159/27. To se the Quene furth rydant on the plaine; 1567 Sat. P. vii. 50. Then follow furth ... that way unfeard; James VI Ess. 39.
b. Out from a place.
Thair archeris furth to thame thai send; Barb. ix. 151. Thai that war went furth beforn ... fled; Ib. x. 245. Cum furth, my hundis, here in hy; Leg. S. i. 439. Of it [sc. the kirk] furth thai cuth nocht wyn; Ib. xxi. 680. The king he rais and furth he gais; Alex. ii. 29. The sys ... id fwrtht and was awyssit; 1460 Peebles B. Rec. 138. The saidis craftis sall ... bring him furth and gar bery him honestlie; 1474 Edinb. B. Rec. I. 32. He saw the King was engreuit, and gat furth glaid; Rauf C. 601. Ane old aid aver, Schott furth our clewch to pull the clever; Dunb. lxi. 26. The freir ... saw ... thair wantit nocht, Bot all wes furth brocht; Freiris Berw. 399. The greit hole in the buriall dyke quhair the folk ... clam in and furth; 1565-6 Edinb. Old Acc. II. 234. The chancelar on sett purpois raid fourtht to meit him; Pitsc. I. 41/3. The King past furthe at the yet in the nether bailye; Moysie 22. To remove themselffs ... furth und fra the saidis landes; 1618 Wemyss Chart. (MS).
c. In verse sometimes preceding the verb.
As thai furth farand ware; Leg. S. ii. 233. Richt so did the ferd quhair he furth fure; Howlat 601. Thair was na fyue of thay freikis that micht him furth fend; Rauf C. 655. Thocht I thame write furthfollowand hys vers; Doug. i. Prol. 16. Baith his handys joyfull furthstracht he than; Ib. vi. xi. 13.
d. Outward, further out; to a distance.
The land of Surry ... Furtht strekand to the Grekes Se; Wynt. i. 897. And sua furth est as Dunberrow streikis; 1434 Liber. Aberbr. 67. The wolf braid furth his fute; Henr. Fab. 2306. I lukit furth a litil me befor; Id. III. 114/9. The flour delys furthspred hys hevynly hew; Doug. xii. Prol. 118. To leuk far furtht gyf he culd see ony schips; Compl. 40/48. As far furth as Merchinstone vpon the borrow moore; Bann. Trans. 170. His maiestie beknit furth his hand to me; 1600 Acts IV. 210/1.
2. a. Out into view or notice.
The pomp of pryde ay furth schawis; Barb. iv. 122. As he pwt furth hys treté, Ambros sayd [etc.]; Wynt. v. 3761. Thai ... son schawis furcht al thar entent; Thewis of Wysmen 386. I sall say furth the south, dissymyland no word; Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 157. That thow schaw furth thi synnes al and sum; Id. xc. 56. Quhen the committaris of trason ar tryit furtht; Compl. 130/17. That the saidis magistratis of Edinburgh cers furth all the vnfrie tovnes; 1582 Conv. Burghs I. 137. The suspitioun whairof burst furth so far that [etc.]; Knox ii 322.
b. Forward, further, in action or discourse.
Syne mad I furth mencione Of hir ded & hir assumpcione; Leg. S. Prol. 90. Sanct Machor Furth preichit as he did befor The Pechtis; Ib. xxvii. 850. Than wyll he wyth the tothir [horn] mak Hys bargane furth; Wynt. i. 767. Nowe tharefore in to certane terme This tretys furtht I wyll afferme; Ib. ii. Prol. 20. Gif hop be led with reson furcht; Ratis R. 591. Strik nocht ay furtht thi fellony; Consail Wys Man 341. We leiff thaim her, and spek furth off Wallas; Wall. iii. 36. Of Wallace furth I will yow tell; Ib. V. 225. Thairefter rang his son Eduard of Wyndissore furth in his cruelnes; As. MS. I. 210/7. Sum raiffis furght rudly with riatus speche; Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 481. Lat fortoune wirk furthe hir rage; Id. lxix. 23. Oys furth thy chance; quhat nedis proces mar? Doug. xii. xiv. 110. The hound werie, and fochin furth his fill; Rolland Seven S. 1816. This nobill lady ... exorted all the chiftieans of the airmie to bear fourtht the seige; Pitsc. I. 144/2.
c. Swa furth, so far on or forward.
He wes swa furth of his wer, That he wes passit throu all Ireland; Barb. xvi. 320.
3. Out, in various, esp. figurative, senses.
(1) Hit is accordit ... that thai sall stand furght for hym and his boundes; 1384 Acts I. 349/2. Quhen scho was furth and fre scho was full fane; Henr. Fab. 187. The ... halding furth of the sade Patrik and his servituris out of his sade tak and maling; 1496 Acta Conc. II. 20. The see was furth; the sand wes smoith & drye; Lynd. Dreme 115. John Scot gat ane roung and held him furth on force; 1556 Peebles B. Rec. 233. Quha, closet furth at the Castel ettis, ludget up and doun the toun as tha mycht; Dalr. II. 175/19. Act ane hundreth and ellevin ... left furth in the omitted actis; Bisset II. 197/15. Persones that hes ... money furth vpone annuell; 1626 Conv. Burghs III. 218.
(2) Peying furcht eirlie ... the soum of fourtie schillingis; 1537 Reg. Episc. Aberd. I. 414. To bring furth bayth staig and stirk; Maitl. F. xv. 84. To serche furch the acts of the conventiouns haldin; 1581 Conv. Burghs I. 112. To cheis furch an vnsuspect couwnsall; 1590 Ib. 321. Dettis awin in to him and furtht be him; 1593 Edinb. Test. XXV. 179. Ane English man, who gaue him selfe foourth to be a phesitian; Lamont 26. That ... ther be boanfyres putt furth be the haill inhabitants; 1683 Lanark B. Rec. 217.
(3) We than ... The blesand haris bet furth; Doug. ii. xi. 13. Furth quynchyng gan the starris, one be one; Ib. xiii. Prol. 164. I wald it war so sloknit furtht and sett assyde; Pitsc. I. 38/7. The lichts went furth, the kirke doore being close; 1606 S. Leith Rec. 4/1. The Atholers ... fyred a stack or two, bot they stayed and put them foorth againe; 1653 Lamont Diary 77.
(4) Undir the pane of ... the dingin fourcht of the calderun bodim; 1521 Stirling B. Rec. I. 12.
4. In various phrases.
(1) Quhethir he ... suld ... syne Do furth his lordis commandyne; Barb. i. 256. Quhat thu has in thocht ... Do fourth; Leg. S. iii. 608. He ... bade and dyde furth his service; Wynt. v. 1633. Do fourth thi dedys, and be noucht lathe; Ib. vii. 74. Do furth thy mercat; at me thow sall nocht wyn; Henr. Fab. 2087. I trete for na favour; Do furch thi devoir; Gol. & Gaw. 1048.
(2) [Fustian to] eyk furht ane pair of blankettis to the Kingis grace; 1541 Treas. Acc. viii. 42. The ... maister of wark ... to end furth the hous ... ordanit for the saidis lordis; 1562 Edinb. B. Rec. III. 133. Caus him to cum and mak furth his seruice to his maister; 1563 Waus Corr. I. 32.
(3) To big, have and set furth fore staris afornent the Kingis calsay; 1515 Reg. Privy S. I. 389/1. In this meanetyme, wer despitfull verses ... set fourth against the Regent; Bann. Memor. 3. To set foorth ... The praise vntrewe of kings and noble men; James VI Ess. 23. Ther were many beane fyres sett foorth in token of joy; 1651 Lamont Diary 33.
(4) James, son and ayre ... Alexander the second son and ayre ... and sa furth faileand of ane sone til ane uthir; 1445 Misc. Spald. C. V. 282. As we se that dayly it movis fra the orient to the occident, and fra the occident to the orient agayne, and sa furth; Hay I. 75/29. What dyocie should first be heard, what secondlie, and swa foorth of the rest; 1562 Bk. Univ. Kirk I. 14.
(5) This far furth I dar him prais; Dunb. l. 46.
5. Furth of, out of. a. In contexts implying departure or removal.
(1) The Romaynes put thame furth of the toune; Hay I. 45/23. A peple callit the Pictis come furth of Sithia; Asl. MS. I. 246/2. To tak copyis of ony bukis furtht of our realme; 1507 Reg. Privy S. I. 223/2. [They] houndit thair cattale furth of thar avne ground; 1518 Peebles B. Rec. 46. A gilt challice stollin furtht of the abbay of Newbottill; 1527 Treas. Acc. V. 324. Certane geir tane fra tua Almanis cuming furth of Inglande to get service; 1549 Ib. IX. 327. The said William Stewart was broucht furth of Edinburgh to Sanctandros; Pitsc. II. 217/32. Bying of the wairis cuming furth of the realm; 1605 Conv. Burghs II. 200. He ... did for some tyme withdraw himself furth of the countrey; 1664 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. I. 635. A pass to go furth of the Kingdome upon his enacting himself never to returne; 1689 Acts XII. 66/1.
(2) The wild fyre down sche slang Furth of the clowdis; Doug. i. i. 76. The bludy strandis, Quhilkis sprang furth of his feit, and handis; Lynd. Mon. 3914. Ane blast of eistrene winde come fourtht of the sie; Pitsc. I. 312/9. Passand airlie furth of hir bed; 1597 Misc. Spald. C. I. 112. Casting of himself heidlongis furth of ane windoe; 1613 Wemyss Chart. MS.
(3) For ministracioun of iustice apon personis replegyt ... furth of our said iustice ayr; 1526 Liber Aberbr. 460. The said day of his depairting furth of captiuitie; 1550 Digest Justiciary Proc. B. 11. The escaiping of the said Alexander Keith furth of ward; 1639 Aberd. B. Rec. III. 145.
(4) We charge our Justice Clerk ... that he putt the samyn [dittay] furth of oure rollis; 1487 Paisley B. Rec. 25. All termz tocum, quhill the said George ... recover the sammyn furth of the kingis handis; 1510 Reg. Privy S. I. 324/1. The annuell pait furtht of the said kirk; 1557 Reg. Cupar A. II. 136. The fermes, ... teindis, and dewateis auchtand furth of the saidis landis; 1571 Misc. Abbotsf. C. 32. Quhen twelve or maa men ar chosen furth of ony part of the cuntrie; Skene Verb. S. s.v. Bona patria. Under the pane of fourtie poundis and going furth of his said cawtioner for him; 1645 Peebles Gleanings 225. Their officers ... took from him his letters of horning and ... deleit the said Grissell and her spous their names furth theroff; 1665 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. II. 52.
b. In contexts implying place or condition.
(1) He salbe responsale of the movable gudis of aireschip to his broder elder that is furth of the realme; 1511 Reg. Privy S. I. 344/2. All thai persouns quhilkis ... remanis furth of the town contrar the act; 1535 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 72. The said William left furth of the said enteris ane punsioun of gudis; 1552 Ib. 167. Gif he be essonzied, as furth of the cuntrie; Skene Reg. Maj. ii. 7. Without exemptione to any, except vpon the account of sickness, or prior absence furth of the toune; 1664 Aberd. B. Rec. IV. 210.
(2) With play and sport, ... To keip him furth of desperatioun; Stewart 42435. Efter sche was convaleseit furtht of hir seiknes; 1551 Treas. Acc. X. 29. To hef bene assuirit ... that we had bene furth of that way in ony poynt; Winet I. 56/1. The Governour [etc.] ... merched foirduart with gret furie, almoste furth of ordoure; Leslie 197. Quhill the cherurgeanis testifie the woundit persoun to be furth of all danger; 1578 Edinb. B. Rec. IV. 69.
6. Forward or later in respect of time or order.
To put in wryt a suthfast story, That it lest ay furth in memory; Barb. i. 14. Thair worschip ... lestand ay furth in lovyng; Ib. xvi. 531. Prayand to God ... That he wald ... Sa kepe thare child furth that he [etc.]; Leg. S. xxvii. 105. Quhilk somme I oblys me ... to pay [at certain times] ... and swa furht terme in terme and yheir in yheir; 1431 Reg. Great S. 43/2. Baltasar ... in two diuided land and gud, Gaif him the half, aud so furth aye thai stud; Bk. Chess 1519. At na persouns be fund on the hie gaitt fra ix houris at evin furth, without ane lanterne; 1519 Edinb. B. Rec. I. 190. Assedatioun ... for all the terms of thre eiris aud sua furth ... unto nynetene eiris be gane; 1549 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 434. Nain of thame sall drinck anie kynd of wyne ... furth and fra the allevint day of November; 1621 Glasgow Weavers 116.
b. Preceded by fra thyne, fra that time, etc.
Fra thine in-to castyte Thai lufyt [= lived] furth, scho & he; Leg. S. xxiv. 107. The king ... has ordanit that his chancellar ... sall syt fra hyn furthe thre tymmis in the ere; 1425 Acts II. 11/1. That we sal assing the chapellane ... to sing at the alter fra that tyme furth; 1455 Edinb. Chart. 79. That is to say sax eris fra Witsonday furthe that next cummis; 1474 Acta Aud. 35/2. That thai sall nocht ... tap darrer aill fra this furth na for xx d. the gallowne; 1523 Edinb. R. Rec. I. 217. Tha fand borowis fra that furtht to be leill; Stewart 35719. To mak thair exchange ... fra the nixt feist of Mychaelmes furch; 1578 Conv. Burghs I. 65.