DSL - DOST   Journe(e, Journa(y, Jurnay, n. Also:  journey (e, jowrne(y, jowrnie, -ye; jowrna(y; jurnee, jurney, -ie, -y, jurenay.  [ME. iournay, -ey, iourne(e (c 1330), iurnay, -ey, jurne (c 1250), -eie (a 1225), OF. journee, also jornee : cf. also JORNÉ]
    1. A day's travel; the distance travelled in a day or a specified number of days. Freq. as a measurement of distance. (1)  And so longe went thai one thare way Inne journeis, whill that home come thay; Troy-bk. ii. 566.  The chyftane takis his voyage out of Almayne and cummys resonable grete journeis towarde Britayne, day by day; Hay I. 143/28.  Thow tending to ane uther place, A journay [M. jurnay] going everie day; Dunb. lxix. 30.  The Morave with haisty journais sped him to the king; Boece vi. ii. 188 b. (2)  In sic ane place ... Quhar of journeis [v. rr. journais, iourneyes] weill twa & mair All the cattell withdrawin war; Barb. xiv. 345.  That hill ... That ix iurnays gret ma be Of Alexandir fra the cite; Leg. S. l. 1182.  Nynyve, ... Quha throwcht it passis the nerrast ways Off leynth he fyndys thre jowrnays [W. jurnayis]; Wynt. i. 874. (3)  This land lestis xl dayis jurnay on baitht the sidis; Prester John 311 b.  The ... cite of Nynyne, quhilk hed thre dais iournais of circuit; Compl. 20/20.  Gif he passit forthour, his dayis iurnay to be ... payit; 1577 Reg. Soltre 233.  
    2. A  journey , excursion, round of travel, generally; the act of travelling. Also in phrases, esp. to tak (one's) jo(u)rnay.  (a)  Thai, percace, on sik wys mycht haue spent The tyme compleyt was for thar journe grant; Doug. vi. ix. 7.  [The ploughman or the traveller] may, when the son schynys agane, Exers his journe or his wark alsfast; Ib. x. xiii. 117.  The king heirand of his wnprosperous iournay; Pitsc. I. 257/19.  My lord quha tuke  journey  Twysday last; 1612 Breadalbane Doc. 18 Nov. (b)  I woik, Syne throw the schaw my iurney hamewart tuke; Henr. Fab. 1613 (B).  The Duck ... is to take jurny for London ... therefore ... [to] make choise ... of nighboures ... for convoyeing his grace some mylles af the citie in order to his jurney; 1678 Edinb. B. Rec. X. 344.  I am glad to know the chancler is determined to take jurney heir; 1694 Annandale Corr. 79.  
    3. One of the portions, at the end of which new horses were provided, of a posting itinerary or post-road; a `stage' in travelling or posting. b. (To ride)  journey  and post, = by such stages, by post, with haste.  John Binning postmaster is obleidged ... to furnish his Majesties leidges with sufficient horses and furnitur for accomplishing of ther respective jurnies; 1678 Edinb. B. Rec. X. 342.  Many horse hirers ... doe let for hyre to the leidges many unsufficient horses that are not able to ryd ther jurnies; Ib.  b.  I haue sometimes continued reasonable long ryding, both  journey  and post, without great wearying; 1663-9 Select Biog. (W.S.) I. 192.  
    c. attrib.  Journey  hors, a post-horse.  Journey  maister, the master of a posting station, who provided post-horses for couriers or travellers.  Journey  coach, a stage-coach.   To conferre concerning this maitter off journaye horsis; 1616 Haddington Corr. 129.  That it shall he lawfull ... for all persones to keip horsis for hyring. And this act only for  journey  horsis; 1639 Acts V. (1870) 606/1.  The ... priviledges of ... Bruntyland and Kinghorne anent ther jurney maisteres and  journey  horsis for serveing of the leiges; 1641 Ib. 549/1.  Dauid Leslies wyfe ... returned from London to St Monence; she came downe in a iourney coach; 1652 Lamont Diary 45.  Lady Crafoord tooke iourney from Leith for to goe to London ... ; she went in the  journey  coach that comes ordinarilie betuixt England and Scotland; Ib.
    4. a. A day's work; a spell of work or business.  Fra this persowne wyth hyr had playd, And had the jowrne [C. iourne] wytht hyr done, That he had gottyne on hyr a sone; Wynt. vi. 1923.
    b. One minting or portion of work in coinage, orig. the work of one day; the quantity of coins produced in one minting.   For [132] assayis for [132] jurnayis ilk ane weyand [¼] wnce ... at xl s. ilk vnce; 1582-3 Cun3iehous Acc. 6.  For xl goldin assayis as for fourttie journayis ilkane ane lyoun nobill; Ib.  The last sueep & remander of the last journay, st. 00, lib. 05, vn. 00, dr. 00; 1673 Mint-Melting Journal MS. ?.  Jan. 10th, ... This journay beginns; Ib.  They found the saides haill essay peices to aggrie ... with the severall dayes  journey es thereinmentioned; 1674 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. IV. 175.  The asseymaster ought to make proof both of weight and fynes ... and to put into the pix at least on peece of each  journey ; 1682 Cochran-Patrick Rec. Sc. Coinage II. 183.
    c. ? A day appointed for one's appearance in court following a summons.
    Cf. OF. journée in this sense, and JOURNAY v. 2.  This cruelte ... attempit be Appius beand for this jurney delait; Bell. Livy II. 318.

    5. A day's performance in battle or tournament, a battle, a combat; a warlike expedition or excursion, a campaign; a feat of arms or action of war, generally. (a)  He did mony a fair iourne; On Sarisenis thre deren3eis did he; Barb. xiii. 323.  He ... sperit of his brotheris fair, And of iourneis that he had thair; Ib. xvi. 22.  The bischop ... That throu his pris Has eschevit sa gret iournee; Ib. 670.  Twenty thousand off his men Wes slayne in to that jowrne [W. iurnay] then; Wynt. iv. 2266.  He ... dyde gret prowes ... In all kyn were or jowrne [W. iurnee]; Ib. v. 122.  Assist to me, ... To perform this excellent fyrst journe; Doug. x. viii. 59.  He behauit him self at all journeis sa craftelie that he was chosin finalie gouernoure of all the Gabinis army; Bell. Livy I. 115/30.  (b)  Him [war] levar that iournye [E. journay] Wndone, than he swa ded had bene; Barb. xiii. 480.  A  journey  I must take for him, Whether that I must tine or win; Gray-Steel 1319.  Of this  journey  I mak ane end, Quhilk euerie nobill did commend; Lynd. Meldrum 673. (c)  Than Schir Gawine the gay Prayt for the iournay, That he myght furth weynd; Gol. & Gaw. 789.  I hald it for the best Eftir this gud journay 3e tak 3ou rest; Doug. ix. iii. 192.  Thus succedit the maist glore of this journay to Cossus; Bell. Livy II. 80/4.  It was oure dangerus to iupert the chance of the haill kinrik to ane onlie iournay be Scottis; Boece iii. xx. 120.  Nor Galane ... in this anterous journay omyttit na thing quhilk mycht rais the hartis of his army; Ib. viii. vii. 263 b.  Til hef hangit sa mony Scottis men as thai purposit til hef venquest at that iournay; Compl. 103/25. (d)  The victor ... Efftyre hend his gre is qwyte In till hys jurnay discumfyt [etc.]; Wynt. v. 2792.  Thairfor this jurnay wes callit the Dirtin Raid; Bell. Boece II. 492.  Of ane jurnay betuix xxx Hielandmen on the party; Boece 27.
    6. A kind of cloak worn over the armour, as when travelling. Also attrib. with cote (coat).
     = 15-16th c. F. jo(u)rnee, also jo(u)rnade, whence appar. e.m.E. jornet (1502).  To the King agane his passage in the Ilis ... ij ellis of crammesy vellous, to be a jurenay abone his harnes; 1495 Treas. Acc. I. 226.  Ane journay of purpoure veluot; 1529 Ib. V. 366.  vij ... elnis ... of the samyn satyn ... to be the king ane jurney cote; 1531 Ib. VI. 20.  For vij elnis ... of Franche reid to be ane jurnay and comparalioun; 1538 Ib. 413.