DSL - DOST Journe(e, Journa(y, Jurnay, n. Also: journey (e, jowrne(y, jowrnie, -ye; jowrna(y; jurnee, jurney, -ie, -y, jurenay. [ME. iournay, -ey, iourne(e (c 1330), iurnay, -ey, jurne (c 1250), -eie (a 1225), OF. journee, also jornee : cf. also [JORN&EACUTE;]]
1. A day's travel; the distance travelled in a day or a specified number of days. Freq. as a measurement of distance.
(1) And so longe went thai one thare way Inne journeis, whill that home come thay; Troy-bk. ii. 566. The chyftane takis his voyage out of Almayne and cummys resonable grete journeis towarde Britayne, day by day; Hay I. 143/28. Thow tending to ane uther place, A journay [M. jurnay] going everie day; Dunb. lxix. 30. The Morave with haisty journais sped him to the king; Boece vi. ii. 188 b.
(2) In sic ane place ... Quhar of journeis [v. rr. journais, iourneyes] weill twa & mair All the cattell withdrawin war; Barb. xiv. 345. That hill ... That ix iurnays gret ma be Of Alexandir fra the cite; Leg. S. l. 1182. Nynyve, ... Quha throwcht it passis the nerrast ways Off leynth he fyndys thre jowrnays [W. jurnayis]; Wynt. i. 874.
(3) This land lestis xl dayis jurnay on baitht the sidis; Prester John 311 b. The ... cite of Nynyne, quhilk hed thre dais iournais of circuit; Compl. 20/20. Gif he passit forthour, his dayis iurnay to be ... payit; 1577 Reg. Soltre 233.
2. A journey , excursion, round of travel, generally; the act of travelling. Also in phrases, esp. to tak (one's) jo(u)rnay.
(a) Thai, percace, on sik wys mycht haue spent The tyme compleyt was for thar journe grant; Doug. vi. ix. 7. [The ploughman or the traveller] may, when the son schynys agane, Exers his journe or his wark alsfast; Ib. x. xiii. 117. The king heirand of his wnprosperous iournay; Pitsc. I. 257/19. My lord quha tuke journey Twysday last; 1612 Breadalbane Doc. 18 Nov.
(b) I woik, Syne throw the schaw my iurney hamewart tuke; Henr. Fab. 1613 (B). The Duck ... is to take jurny for London ... therefore ... [to] make choise ... of nighboures ... for convoyeing his grace some mylles af the citie in order to his jurney; 1678 Edinb. B. Rec. X. 344. I am glad to know the chancler is determined to take jurney heir; 1694 Annandale Corr. 79.
3. One of the portions, at the end of which new horses were provided, of a posting itinerary or post-road; a `stage' in travelling or posting. b. (To ride) journey and post, = by such stages, by post, with haste.
John Binning postmaster is obleidged ... to furnish his Majesties leidges with sufficient horses and furnitur for accomplishing of ther respective jurnies; 1678 Edinb. B. Rec. X. 342. Many horse hirers ... doe let for hyre to the leidges many unsufficient horses that are not able to ryd ther jurnies; Ib.
b. I haue sometimes continued reasonable long ryding, both journey and post, without great wearying; 1663-9 Select Biog. (W.S.) I. 192.
c. attrib. Journey hors, a post-horse. Journey maister, the master of a posting station, who provided post-horses for couriers or travellers. Journey coach, a stage-coach.
To conferre concerning this maitter off journaye horsis; 1616 Haddington Corr. 129. That it shall he lawfull ... for all persones to keip horsis for hyring. And this act only for journey horsis; 1639 Acts V. (1870) 606/1. The ... priviledges of ... Bruntyland and Kinghorne anent ther jurney maisteres and journey horsis for serveing of the leiges; 1641 Ib. 549/1. Dauid Leslies wyfe ... returned from London to St Monence; she came downe in a iourney coach; 1652 Lamont Diary 45. Lady Crafoord tooke iourney from Leith for to goe to London ... ; she went in the journey coach that comes ordinarilie betuixt England and Scotland; Ib.
4. a. A day's work; a spell of work or business.
Fra this persowne wyth hyr had playd, And had the jowrne [C. iourne] wytht hyr done, That he had gottyne on hyr a sone; Wynt. vi. 1923.
b. One minting or portion of work in coinage, orig. the work of one day; the quantity of coins produced in one minting.
For  assayis for  jurnayis ilk ane weyand [¼] wnce ... at xl s. ilk vnce; 1582-3 Cuniehous Acc. 6. For xl goldin assayis as for fourttie journayis ilkane ane lyoun nobill; Ib. The last sueep & remander of the last journay, st. 00, lib. 05, vn. 00, dr. 00; 1673 Mint-Melting Journal MS. ?. Jan. 10th, ... This journay beginns; Ib. They found the saides haill essay peices to aggrie ... with the severall dayes journey es thereinmentioned; 1674 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. IV. 175. The asseymaster ought to make proof both of weight and fynes ... and to put into the pix at least on peece of each journey ; 1682 Cochran-Patrick Rec. Sc. Coinage II. 183.
c. ? A day appointed for one's appearance in court following a summons.
Cf. OF. journée in this sense, and
[JOURNAY] v. 2.
This cruelte ... attempit be Appius beand for this jurney delait; Bell. Livy II. 318.
5. A day's performance in battle or tournament, a battle, a combat; a warlike expedition or excursion, a campaign; a feat of arms or action of war, generally.
(a) He did mony a fair iourne; On Sarisenis thre dereneis did he; Barb. xiii. 323. He ... sperit of his brotheris fair, And of iourneis that he had thair; Ib. xvi. 22. The bischop ... That throu his pris Has eschevit sa gret iournee; Ib. 670. Twenty thousand off his men Wes slayne in to that jowrne [W. iurnay] then; Wynt. iv. 2266. He ... dyde gret prowes ... In all kyn were or jowrne [W. iurnee]; Ib. v. 122. Assist to me, ... To perform this excellent fyrst journe; Doug. x. viii. 59. He behauit him self at all journeis sa craftelie that he was chosin finalie gouernoure of all the Gabinis army; Bell. Livy I. 115/30.
(b) Him [war] levar that iournye [E. journay] Wndone, than he swa ded had bene; Barb. xiii. 480. A journey I must take for him, Whether that I must tine or win; Gray-Steel 1319. Of this journey I mak ane end, Quhilk euerie nobill did commend; Lynd. Meldrum 673.
(c) Than Schir Gawine the gay Prayt for the iournay, That he myght furth weynd; Gol. & Gaw. 789. I hald it for the best Eftir this gud journay e tak ou rest; Doug. ix. iii. 192. Thus succedit the maist glore of this journay to Cossus; Bell. Livy II. 80/4. It was oure dangerus to iupert the chance of the haill kinrik to ane onlie iournay be Scottis; Boece iii. xx. 120. Nor Galane ... in this anterous journay omyttit na thing quhilk mycht rais the hartis of his army; Ib. viii. vii. 263 b. Til hef hangit sa mony Scottis men as thai purposit til hef venquest at that iournay; Compl. 103/25.
(d) The victor ... Efftyre hend his gre is qwyte In till hys jurnay discumfyt [etc.]; Wynt. v. 2792. Thairfor this jurnay wes callit the Dirtin Raid; Bell. Boece II. 492. Of ane jurnay betuix xxx Hielandmen on the party; Boece 27.
6. A kind of cloak worn over the armour, as when travelling. Also attrib. with cote (coat).
= 15-16th c. F. jo(u)rnee, also jo(u)rnade, whence appar. e.m.E. jornet (1502).
To the King agane his passage in the Ilis ... ij ellis of crammesy vellous, to be a jurenay abone his harnes; 1495 Treas. Acc. I. 226. Ane journay of purpoure veluot; 1529 Ib. V. 366. vij ... elnis ... of the samyn satyn ... to be the king ane jurney cote; 1531 Ib. VI. 20. For vij elnis ... of Franche reid to be ane jurnay and comparalioun; 1538 Ib. 413.